論文

2017

Systematic review of the clinical manifestations of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in the Greater Mekong Subregion: implications for malaria elimination and beyond.

Ong KIC, Kosugi H, Thoeun S, Araki H, Thandar MM, Iwagami M, Hongvanthong B, Brey PT, Kano S, Jimba M.
BMJ Glob Health. 2017 Aug 19;2(3):e000415.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29082022
https://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2017-000415

Towards eliminating malaria in high endemic countries: the roles of community health workers and related cadres and their challenges in integrated community case management for malaria: a systematic review.

Sunguya BF, Mlunde LB, Ayer R, Jimba M.
Malar J. 2017 Jan 3;16(1):10.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28049486
https://malariajournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12936-016-1667-x

Determinants of attending antenatal care at least four times in rural Ghana: analysis of a cross-sectional survey.

Sakeah E, Okawa S, Rexford Oduro A, Shibanuma A, Ansah E, Kikuchi K, Gyapong M, Owusu-Agyei S, Williams J, Debpuur C, Yeji F, Kukula VA, Enuameh Y, Asare GQ, Agyekum EO, Addai S, Sarpong D, Adjei K, Tawiah C, Yasuoka J, Nanishi K, Jimba M, Hodgson A, The Ghana Embrace Team.
Glob Health Action. 2017;10(1):1291879.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28578634
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/16549716.2017.1291879

Improving maternal health is a global challenge. In Ghana, maternal morbidity and mortality rates remain high, particularly in rural areas. Antenatal care (ANC) attendance is known to improve maternal health. However, few studies have updated current knowledge regarding determinants of ANC attendance.

Predicting health-related quality of life in people living with HIV in Nepal: mental health disorders and substance use determinants.

Pokhrel KN, Sharma VD, Shibanuma A, Pokhrel KG, Mlunde LB, Jimba M.
AIDS Care. 2017 May 26:1-7.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28547996
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09540121.2017.1332331

HIV-positive people often experience mental health disorders and engage in substance use. Such conditions tend to impair their health-related quality of life (QOL). Evidence, however, is limited about the influence of mental health disorders and substance use on QOL by gender. Also, little is known about the influences of anxiety and high levels of stress on QOL. We recruited 682 HIV-positive people in Nepal and measured their depression, anxiety, stress levels, substance use, and QOL.

Effectiveness of community-based peer support for mothers to improve their breastfeeding practices: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Shakya P, Kunieda MK, Koyama M, Rai SS, Miyaguchi M, Dhakal S, Sandy S, Sunguya BF, Jimba M.
PLoS One. 2017 May 16;12(5):e0177434.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28510603
http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0177434

Breastfeeding is associated with reduced mortality in children aged less than 5 years. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis (registered as PROSPERO 2015: CRD42015019105) to examine the effectiveness of community-based peer support for mothers on their breastfeeding practices as compared to mothers who have not received such a support.

Gender difference in early initiation of methamphetamine use among current methamphetamine users in Muse, Northern Shan State, Myanmar.

Saw YM, Saw TN, Yasuoka J, Chan N, Kham NPE, Khine W, Cho SM, Jimba M.
Harm Reduct J. 2017 14:2.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28482847
https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-017-0147-0

Globally, methamphetamine (MA) use is a significant public health concern due to unprecedented health effects of its use. However, gender similarities and differences in early age of MA initiation and its risk factors among current MA users have been understudied in a developing country setting.

Development of the revised Japanese Maternal Breastfeeding Evaluation Scale, short version.

Hongo H, Green J, Nanishi K, Jimba M.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2017 May;26(3):392-395.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28429901
http://apjcn.nhri.org.tw/server/APJCN/26/3/392.pdf

The Japanese Maternal Breastfeeding Evaluation Scale (JMBFES) was developed in 2013 based on the original Maternal Breastfeeding Evaluation Scale (MBFES). Mothers' abilities to incorporate breastfeeding into their daily life may influence their decision to continue or discontinue to breastfeed, but that version of the JMBFES had no questions to measure this important aspect of breastfeeding. Therefore, we sought to improve the JMBFES by incorporating questions measuring "lifestyle compatibility-incompatibility," and we conducted psychometric testing of the improved version.

Improving feeding and growth of HIV-positive children through nutrition training of frontline health workers in Tanga, Tanzania.

Sunguya BF, Mlunde LB, Urassa DP, Poudel KC, Ubuguyu OS, Mkopi NP, Leyna GH, Kessy AT, Nanishi K, Shibanuma A, Yasuoka J, Jimba M.
BMC Pediatr. 2017 Apr 4;17(1):94.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28376725
https://bmcpediatr.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12887-017-0840-x

Nutrition training can boost competence of health workers to improve children's feeding practices. In this way, child undernutrition can be ameliorated in general populations. However, evidence is lacking on efficacy of such interventions among Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-positive children. We aimed to examine the efficacy of a nutrition training intervention to improve midlevel providers' (MLPs) nutrition knowledge and feeding practices and the nutrition statuses of HIV-positive children in Tanga, Tanzania.

ケース5:熱帯病対策 貧困の中の未解決問題に挑む (連載「ポジデビを探せ!」7)

荒木瞳. 公衆衛生. 81(5):443-449.
http://dx.doi.org/10.11477/mf.1401208672

取り残された疾患,取り残された人々
 国際連合は,2016年,持続可能な開発目標達成のための取り組みを開始した.キーワードは,「誰一人として取り残さない(Leaving no one behind)」.合計17目標のうち,3番目にあるのが保健目標であり,「あらゆる年齢のすべての人の健康的な生活を確保し,福祉を推進する」ことと定めた.
 目標達成のためには,さまざまな疾病対策をする必要がある.ただし,全て同時にというわけにはいかない.何かを重要視し,何かに優先順位をつけなくてはならない.結果として,どうしても取り残される疾患,取り残される人々が出てきてしまう.

ポジデビ・アプローチ—これまでの経緯,日本での実践,そして今後の展望 (連載「ポジデビを探せ!」6)

モニク・スターニン. (柴沼晃:訳)公衆衛生. 81(4):350-354.

本稿では,モニク・スターニン氏から,本連載「ポジデビを探せ!」読者の皆さんへのメッセージをまず紹介する.同氏は,ポジデビ・アプローチを用いて過去25年以上にわたり公衆衛生をはじめとするさまざまな社会課題の解決に取り組んでこられた.「The Power of Positive Deviance」1)の共著者でもある.次に,同氏が2015年11月14日に東京大学で行った講演「常識の端にある異端を見つめて—ポジデビ・アプローチによる行動変容と社会変革」の一部を紹介する.

Caring for perinatally HIV-infected children: call for mental care for the children and the caregivers.

Kikuchi K, Poudel KC, Rwibasira JM, Majyambere A, Mutabazi V, Nyonsenga SP, Muhayimpundu R, Jimba M.
AIDS Care. 2017 Mar 30:1-7.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28359213
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09540121.2017.1307917

Antiretroviral therapy has dramatically improved the survival rate of perinatally HIV-infected children. For them to thrive, it is necessary to understand better their mental health issues. Caregivers play an important role in children's daily care and caregiver mental health may relate to children's mental health. However, this association has rarely been studied. Accordingly, the present study examined the associations between depression of caregivers and that of perinatally HIV-infected children in Kigali, Rwanda. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 475 perinatally HIV-infected children aged 7-14 years and their caregivers.

The gender gap in relation to happiness and preferences in married couples after childbirth: evidence from a field experiment in rural Ghana.

Kamiya Y, Akpalu B, Mahama E, Ayipah EK, Owusu-Agyei S, Hodgson A, Shibanuma A, Kikuchi K, Jimba M; Ghana EMBRACE Implementation Research Project Team.
J Health Popul Nutr. 2017 Mar 15;36(1):8.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28298243
https://jhpn.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s41043-017-0084-2

How does the gap in preferences between married couples affect their happiness after childbirth? Are couples that share similar preferences happier? In recent years, gender, marriage, and happiness have been considered to be key issues in public health research. Although much research has examined the happiness status of married couples, practically no study has explored the gender gap in relation to happiness and the preferences of married couples after childbirth. Therefore, our study was conducted to assess the association between the preference gap and the happiness status among married couples in the afterbirth period.

An investigation of stigmatizing attitudes towards people living with HIV/AIDS by doctors and nurses in Vientiane, Lao PDR.

Vorasane S, Jimba M, Kikuchi K, Yasuoka J, Nanishi K, Durham J, Sychareun V.
BMC Health Serv Res. 2017 Feb 10;17(1):125.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5301416/
https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12913-017-2068-8

Despite global efforts, HIV-related stigma continues to negatively impact the health and well-being of people living with HIV/AIDS. Even in healthcare settings, people with HIV/AIDS experience discrimination. Anecdotal evidence suggests that healthcare professionals in the Lao People's Democratic Republic, a lower-middle income country situated in Southeast Asia, stigmatize HIV/AID patients. The purpose of this study was to assess HIV stigmatizing attitudes within Laotian healthcare service providers and examine some of the factors associated with HIV/AIDS-related stigma among doctors and nurses.

健康教育(特集 板書例でよく分かる!「現代的課題」に立ち向かう授業)
(Health education)

神馬征峰
道徳教育. 2017 Feb;57(2)10.
http://www.meijitosho.co.jp/detail/07704

Towards eliminating malaria in high endemic countries: the roles of community health workers and related cadres and their challenges in integrated community case management for malaria: a systematic review.

Sunguya BF, Mlunde LB, Ayer R, Jimba M.
Malar J. 2017 Jan 3;16(1):10.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28049486
https://malariajournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12936-016-1667-x

Human resource for health crisis has impaired global efforts against malaria in highly endemic countries. To address this, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended scaling-up of community health workers (CHWs) and related cadres owing to their documented success in malaria and other disease prevention and management. Evidence is inconsistent on the roles and challenges they encounter in malaria interventions. This systematic review aims to summarize evidence on roles and challenges of CHWs and related cadres in integrated community case management for malaria (iCCM).

2016

ネパールにおけるハンセン病患者および回復者を親に持つ思春期青年の抑うつ傾向、自尊感情および健康関連QOLに関する横断研究
(Health-related quality of life, depression, and self-esteem in adolescents with leprosy-affected parents: results of a cross-sectional study in Nepal)

山口乃生子, Poudel KC, 神馬征峰.
日本ハンセン病学会雑誌(Jpn J Lepr). 2016; 85:65-68.
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/40020980024

Impact of the Japanese 5S management method on patients' and caretakers' satisfaction: a quasi-experimental study in Senegal.

Kanamori S, Castro MC, Sow S, Matsuno R, Cissokho A, Jimba M.
Glob Health Action. 2016 Nov 28;9:32852.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27900932
http://www.globalhealthaction.net/index.php/gha/article/view/32852

The 5S method is a lean management tool for workplace organization, with 5S being an abbreviation for five Japanese words that translate to English as Sort, Set in Order, Shine, Standardize, and Sustain. In Senegal, the 5S intervention program was implemented in 10 health centers in two regions between 2011 and 2014.

「みんなの健康学」序説: 公衆衛生を動かした先達からのメッセージ

神馬征峰. 風間書房; 2016.

「みんなの健康」のために尽くした先達が経験した出会いとは? アルベルト・シュバイツァー、フローレンス・ナイティンゲール、荻野吟子、神谷美恵子など13人のドラマティックなストーリーから公衆衛生の精神を学ぶ。

https://www.kazamashobo.co.jp/products/detail.php?product_id=2150
https://www.kinokuniya.co.jp/f/dsg-01-9784759921465
https://www.amazon.co.jp/dp/475992146X

A School Health Project Can Uplift the Health Status of School Children in Nepal.

Shrestha RM, Miyaguchi M, Shibanuma A, Khanal A, Yasuoka J, Jimba M.
PLoS One. 2016 Nov 3;11(11):e0166001.

School health is effective in helping students achieve health literacy, enhance their health-related behaviors, and thereby improve their health status. However, in resource-limited countries, evidence is limited to show the impact of school health. We determined the association of the school health and nutrition (SHN) project activities on students' a) health knowledge, b) hygiene practices, and c) health outcomes, one year after the project completion.

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0166001
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27812190

Effectiveness of Continuum of Care-Linking Pre-Pregnancy Care and Pregnancy Care to Improve Neonatal and Perinatal Mortality: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Kikuchi K, Okawa S, Zamawe CO, Shibanuma A, Nanishi K, Iwamoto A, Saw YM, Jimba M.
PLoS One. 2016 Oct 27;11(10):e0164965.

In an era of Sustainable Development Goals, maternal, newborn, and child health still require improvement. Continuum of care is considered key to improving the health status of these populations. The continuum of care is a series of care strategies starting from pre-pregnancy to motherhood-childhood. The effectiveness of such linkage between the pregnancy, birth, and postnatal periods has been demonstrated. However, almost no study has assessed the impact of linkage that starts from pre-pregnancy to pregnancy care on maternal and child health. The present study attempts to fill this gap by assessing the effectiveness of the care linkage between pre-pregnancy and pregnancy care for reducing neonatal, perinatal, and maternal mortality in low- and middle-income countries. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized and quasi-randomized controlled trials in low- and middle-income countries.

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0164965
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27788176

The effectiveness of a nationwide universal coverage campaign of insecticide-treated bed nets on childhood malaria in Malawi.

Zamawe CO, Nakamura K, Shibanuma A, Jimba M.
Malar J. 2016 Oct 18;15(1):505.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27756392
http://malariajournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12936-016-1550-9

Although the universal coverage campaign of insecticide-treated mosquito bed nets (ITNs) has been associated with improved malaria outcomes, recent reports indicate that the campaign is losing its sparkle in some countries. In Malawi, the universal coverage campaign was implemented in 2012, but its impacts are yet to be ascertained. Thus, this study examined the effects of the campaign on malaria morbidity among children in Malawi.

ポジデビ・アプローチとは何か? (連載「ポジデビを探せ!」1)
(What is positive deviance?)

神馬征峰. 公衆衛生. 80(11):853-58.
https://www.igaku-shoin.co.jp/journalDetail.do?journal=36601

Motivation and incentive preferences of community health officers in Ghana: an economic behavioral experiment approach.

Shiratori S, Agyekum EO, Shibanuma A, Oduro A, Okawa S, Enuameh Y, Yasuoka J, Kikuchi K, Gyapong M, Owusu-Agyei S, Ansah E, Hodgson A, Jimba M; EMBRACE Implementation Research Team.
Hum Resour Health. 2016 Aug 22;14(1):53.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27549208
https://human-resources-health.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12960-016-0148-1

Health worker shortage in rural areas is one of the biggest problems of the health sector in Ghana and many developing countries. This may be due to fewer incentives and support systems available to attract and retain health workers at the rural level. This study explored the willingness of community health officers (CHOs) to accept and hold rural and community job postings in Ghana.

The impact of a livelihood program on depressive symptoms among people living with HIV in Cambodia.

Shimizu M, Yi S, Tuot S, Suong S, Sron S, Shibanuma A, Jimba M.
Glob Health Action. 2016 Aug 9;9:31999.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27511811
http://www.globalhealthaction.net/index.php/gha/article/view/31999

Psychological and social problems are major concerns in this era of successful antiretroviral therapy. Although livelihood programs have been implemented extensively to improve the daily living conditions of people living with HIV in Cambodia, no studies have yet investigated the impacts of these programs on the mental health of this vulnerable population. Therefore, we examined the impact of a livelihood program on depressive symptoms and associated factors among people living with HIV in Cambodia.

Applicability of the 5S management method for quality improvement in health-care facilities: a review

Kanamori S, Shibanuma A, Jimba M.
Trop Med Health. 2016 Jul 19;44:21.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27462185
http://tropmedhealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s41182-016-0022-9

The 5S management method (where 5S stands for sort, set in order, shine, standardize, and sustain) was originally implemented by manufacturing enterprises in Japan. It was then introduced to the manufacturing sector in the West and eventually applied to the health sector for organizing and standardizing the workplace. 5S has recently received attention as a potential solution for improving government health-care services in low- and middle-income countries. We conducted a narrative literature review to explore its applicability to health-care facilities globally, with a focus on three aspects: (a) the context of its application, (b) its impacts, and (c) its adoption as part of government initiatives.

Clinic Attendance for Antiretroviral Pills Pick-Up among HIV-Positive People in Nepal: Roles of Perceived Family Support and Associated Factors.

Ayer R, Kikuchi K, Ghimire M, Shibanuma A, Pant MR, Poudel KC, Jimba M.
PLoS One. 2016 Jul 20;11(7):e0159382. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0159382. eCollection 2016.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27438024
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0159382

HIV-positive people's clinic attendance for medication pick-up is critical for successful HIV treatment. However, limited evidence exists on it especially in low-income settings such as Nepal. Moreover, the role of family support in clinic attendance remains under-explored. Therefore, this study was conducted to examine the association between perceived family support and regular clinic attendance and to assess factors associated with regular clinic attendance for antiretroviral pills pick-up among HIV-positive individuals in Nepal.

[Letter] The potential of positive deviance approach for the sustainable control of neglected tropical diseases.

Ong KI, Araki H, Kano S, Jimba M.
Trop Med Health. 2016 Jul 13;44:20.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27436959
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4944241/

Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) have gained much attention in recent years due to the support from various agencies. However, the main approach to combat NTDs has been to cure rather than to prevent. As many NTD infections are closely linked with human behaviors such as hygienic practices and tradition, behavior change is also very crucial to prevent relapse or reinfection. Therefore, we would like to suggest a potential new approach-the positive deviance approach-to tackle NTDs by focusing on the preventive phase. What makes this approach unique is that the solution comes from the affected population themselves and not from the expert outsiders. Preventive chemotherapy that relies on outside aid has serious sustainability issues as reinfection is also high after the aid program has ended. Learning from the success story in Vietnam on preventing childhood malnutrition, the positive deviance approach could end the spread of NTDs once and for all by making full use of the available local solutions.

Training the next generation of global health experts: experiences and recommendations from Pacific Rim universities.

Withers M, Press D, Wipfli H, McCool J, Chan CC, Jimba M, Tremewan C, Samet J.
Global Health. 2016 Jun 23;12(1):34.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27334947
http://globalizationandhealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12992-016-0162-z

Finding solutions to global health problems will require a highly-trained, inter-disciplinary workforce. Global health education and research can potentially have long-range impact in addressing the global burden of disease and protecting and improving the health of the global population.

Health, Resilience, and Human Security: Moving Toward Health for All

Korc M, Hubbard S, Suzuki T, Jimba M.
New York: Japan Center for International Exchange and Pan American Health Organization; 2016.
http://www.jcie.or.jp/books/abstracts/H/HRHS.html
http://www.jcie.or.jp/japan/pub/publst/1463.htm(日本語による解説)
http://iris.paho.org/xmlui/handle/123456789/28286

The purpose of this document is to explain to experts in the health and development fields what a human security approach is and show how it can be applied in an attempt to put individuals and communities on a path toward achieving a virtuous cycle of good health, wellbeing, and resilience. In particular, the document focuses on how the human security approach addresses the linkages among different sources of health threats and ensures that interventions are integrated so as to build and sustain health resilience at the individual, community, and institutional levels as a path toward health for all through universal health coverage. It also focuses on how human security can help translate health gains into improvements in wellbeing on a larger scale. In other words, an emphasis on human security can help us to move beyond focusing on survival to focusing on livelihoods, wellbeing, and dignity.

Ability of HIV Advocacy to Modify Behavioral Norms and Treatment Impact: A Systematic Review.

Sunguya BF, Munisamy M, Pongpanich S, Yasuoka J, Jimba M.
Am J Public Health. 2016 Jun 16:e1-e8.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27310343
http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/abs/10.2105/AJPH.2016.303179

HIV advocacy programs are partly responsible for the global community's success in reducing the burden of HIV. The rising wave of the global burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) has prompted the World Health Organization to espouse NCD advocacy efforts as a possible preventive strategy. HIV and NCDs share some similarities in their chronicity and risky behaviors, which are their associated etiology. Therefore, pooled evidence on the effectiveness of HIV advocacy programs and ideas shared could be replicated and applied during the conceptualization of NCD advocacy programs. Such evidence, however, has not been systematically reviewed to address the effectiveness of HIV advocacy programs, particularly programs that aimed at changing public behaviors deemed as risk factors.

Undernutrition Among Infants and Children in Nepal: Maternal Health Services and Their Roles to Prevent it.

Pokhrel K, Nanishi K, Poudel KC, Pokhrel KG, Tiwari K, Jimba M.
Matern Child Health J. 2016 May 28.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27236701
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10995-016-2023-z

Appropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) for children aged 6–23 months includes adequate dietary diversity, appropriate meal frequency, and continued breastfeeding. Mothers receiving antenatal care (ANC) and postnatal care (PNC) may adopt better IYCF. This study examined the association of ANC or PNC attendance with IYCF and child nutrition status.

Food-choice motives of adolescents in Jakarta, Indonesia: the roles of gender and family income.

Maulida R, Nanishi K, Green J, Shibanuma A, Jimba M.
Public Health Nutr. 2016 May 16:1-9

The aims of the present study were to assess the reliability and validity of the Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ) and to determine the factors associated with food-choice motives in public junior-high-school students in Jakarta, Indonesia.

Association of opioid agonist therapy with the initiation of antiretroviral therapy - a systematic review.

Mlunde LB, Sunguya BF, Mbwambo JK, Ubuguyu OS, Yasuoka J, Jimba M.
Int J Infect Dis. 2016 Mar 29.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27044520
http://www.ijidonline.com/article/S1201-9712%2816%2931009-8/fulltext

People who inject drugs are at high risk of HIV infection but often face barriers in accessing medical care including access to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Evidence is available about the effectiveness of opioid agonist therapy on drug dependency and risk behaviors. However, it remains scattered regarding access to ART among HIV-positive people who inject drugs. We conducted a systematic review to examine the association of opioid agonist therapy with ART initiation among HIV-positive people who inject drugs.

Factors Influencing Health Facility Delivery in Predominantly Rural Communities across the Three Ecological Zones in Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Enuameh YA, Okawa S, Asante KP, Kikuchi K, Mahama E, Ansah E, Tawiah C, Adjei K, Shibanuma A, Nanishi K, Yeji F, Agyekum EO, Yasuoka J, Gyapong M, Oduro AR, Quansah Asare G, Hodgson A, Jimba M, Owusu-Agyei S; Ghana EMBRACE Implementation Research Project Team.
PLoS One. 2016 Mar 31;11(3):e0152235.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27031301
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0152235

Maternal and neonatal mortality indicators remain high in Ghana and other sub-Saharan African countries. Both maternal and neonatal health outcomes improve when skilled personnel provide delivery services within health facilities. Determinants of delivery location are crucial to promoting health facility deliveries, but little research has been done on this issue in Ghana. This study explored factors influencing delivery location in predominantly rural communities in Ghana.

A Mismatch between High-Risk Behaviors and Screening of Infectious Diseases among People Who Inject Drugs in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Mlunde LB, Sunguya BF, Mbwambo JK, Ubuguyu OS, Shibanuma A, Yasuoka J, Jimba M.
PLoS One. 2016 Feb 5;11(2):e0148598.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26849802
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0148598

People who inject drugs are at risk of various infectious diseases. Despite such a risk, evidence is limited which studied the utilization of screening services for common infectious diseases among people who inject drugs in Tanzania. We aimed to examine their high-risk behaviors; utilization of screening services for HIV infection, hepatitis B/C, any other sexually transmitted infection, and tuberculosis; and their associated factors in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

2015

Correlates of health care seeking behavior among people who inject drugs in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Mlunde LB, Sunguya BF, Mbwambo JKK, Ubuguyu OS, Shibanuma A, Yasuoka J, Jimba M.
International Journal of Drug Policy. 2015 Dec 21. pii: S0955-3959(15)00365-5.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26821555
http://www.ijdp.org/article/S0955-3959%2815%2900365-5/abstract

People who inject drugs (PWID) suffer from a high burden of infectious disease. At the same time, they often have poor access to health care. As in other East African countries, the population of PWID is growing in Tanzania, but little is known about their contact with health care services. In this paper we examine patterns of health care use among PWID in Dar es Salaam and identify what factors are associated with regular contact with clinicians during illness.

Continuum of Care in a Maternal, Newborn and Child Health Program in Ghana: Low Completion Rate and Multiple Obstacle Factors.

Yeji F, Shibanuma A, Oduro A, Debpuur C, Kikuchi K, Owusu-Agei S, Gyapong M, Okawa S, Ansah E, Asare GQ, Nanishi K, Williams J, Addei S, Tawiah C, Yasuoka J, Enuameh Y, Sakeah E, Wontuo P, Jimba M, Hodgson A; Ghana EMBRACE Implementation Research Project Team.
PLoS One. 2015 Dec 9;10(12):e0142849.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26650388
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0142849

Slow progress has been made in achieving the Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 in Ghana. Ensuring continuum of care (at least four antenatal visits; skilled birth attendance; postnatal care within 48 hours, at two weeks, and six weeks) for mother and newborn is crucial in helping Ghana achieve these goals and beyond. This study examined the levels and factors associated with continuum of care (CoC) completion among Ghanaian women aged 15-49.

Are Husbands Involving in Their Spouses' Utilization of Maternal Care Services?: A Cross-Sectional Study in Yangon, Myanmar.

Wai KM, Shibanuma A, Oo NN, Fillman TJ, Saw YM, Jimba M.
PLoS One. 2015 Dec 7;10(12):e0144135.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26641891
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0144135

Husbands can play a crucial role in pregnancy and childbirth, especially in patriarchal societies of developing countries. In Myanmar, despite the critical influence of husbands on the health of mothers and newborns, their roles in maternal health have not been well explored. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with husbands' involvement in maternal health in Myanmar. This study also examined the associations between husbands' involvement and their spouses' utilization of maternal care services during antenatal, delivery and postnatal periods.

Coinfection of Sexually Transmitted Infections among HIV-Positive Individuals: Cross-Sectional Results of a Community-Based Positive Living with HIV (POLH) Study in Nepal.

Poudel KC, Poudel-Tandukar K, Palmer PH, Mizoue T, Jimba M, Kobayashi J, Acharya B, Pandey BD, Oka S.
J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care. 2015 Nov 2.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26527219
http://jia.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/11/02/2325957415614644

In Asian concentrated HIV epidemics, data on coinfection of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among HIV-positive individuals are limited. The authors measured the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhea (NG), and syphilis, and their correlates among 319 HIV-positive individuals in Kathmandu, Nepal. The authors tested blood samples for syphilis and urine samples for CT and NG.

Longitudinal adherence to antiretroviral drugs for preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Zambia.

Okawa S, Chirwa M, Ishikawa N, Kapyata H, Msiska CY, Syakantu G, Miyano S, Komada K, Jimba M, Yasuoka J.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2015 Oct 12;15(1):258.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26459335
http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2393/15/258

Adherence to antiretroviral (ARV) drugs is essential for eliminating new pediatric infections of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Since the Zambian government revised the national guidelines based on option A (i.e., maternal zidovudine and infant ARV prophylaxis) of the World Health Organization's 2010 guidelines, no studies have assessed adherence to ARVs during pregnancy up to the postpartum period. This study aimed to examine adherence to ARVs and identify the associated risk factors.

'Only Fathers Smoking' Contributes the Most to Socioeconomic Inequalities: Changes in Socioeconomic Inequalities in Infants' Exposure to Second Hand Smoke over Time in Japan.

Saito J, Tabuchi T, Shibanuma A, Yasuoka J, Nakamura M, Jimba M.
PLoS One. 2015 Oct 2;10(10):e0139512. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0139512.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26431400
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0139512

Exposure to second hand smoke (SHS) is one of the major causes of premature death and disease among children. While socioeconomic inequalities exist for adult smoking, such evidence is limited for SHS exposure in children. Thus, this study examined changes over time in socioeconomic inequalities in infants' SHS exposure in Japan.

Effective Linkages of Continuum of Care for Improving Neonatal, Perinatal, and Maternal Mortality: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Kikuchi K, Ansah EK, Okawa S, Enuameh Y, Yasuoka J, Nanishi K, Shibanuma A, Gyapong M, Owusu-Agyei S, Oduro AR, Asare GQ, Hodgson A, Jimba M; Ghana EMBRACE Implementation Research Project Team.
PLoS One. 2015 Sep 30;10(9):e0139288. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0139288. eCollection 2015.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26422685
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0139288

Continuum of care has the potential to improve maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) by ensuring care for mothers and children. Continuum of care in MNCH is widely accepted as comprising sequential time (from pre-pregnancy to motherhood and childhood) and space dimensions (from community-family care to clinical care). However, it is unclear which linkages of care could have a greater effect on MNCH outcomes. The objective of the present study is to assess the effectiveness of different continuum of care linkages for reducing neonatal, perinatal, and maternal mortality in low- and middle-income countries.

(巻頭言)二足のわらじ

神馬征峰.
日本健康教育学会誌. 23(3):169-170.
https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/kenkokyoiku/23/3/23_169/_pdf

「二足のわらじをはく」ことを英語では「二つの帽子をかぶる(wearing two hats)」と表現する.なぜ帽子かというと,職業によってかぶるものが違い,帽子を見れば職業がわかったからだという.日本では足,英語圏では頭.いずれにしても,一見両立しないような仕事を一人でこなすのが,現代でも通じる二足のわらじの意味である.

グローバルレベルのアドボカシー:エイズアドボカシーからの教訓

神馬征峰.
日本健康教育学会誌. 23(3):218-223.
https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/kenkokyoiku/23/3/23_218/_pdf

アドボカシーの実践的な定義を示すとともに,グローバルレベルでのアドボカシー実践例としてエイズアドボカシーをとりあげ,その特徴を示すことを目的とした.

[Correspondence] Prevention of violence against women and girls at the community level.

Jayatilleke AC, Jayatilleke AU, Yasuoka J, Jimba M.
Lancet. 2015 Aug 1;386(9992):427-8.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26251385
http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2814%2961797-9/abstract

In their Series paper on lessons from practice (April 25, p 1672), Lori Michau and colleagues emphasised the importance of social, cultural, and political interactions to prevent violence against women and girls. This approach is especially important for developing countries where many women are in abusive relationships. Although laws have the potential to prevent violence, such violent relationships can continue owing to absence of support after a separation, social stigma, and economic hardships, and put women in greater danger.

What are the factors associated with depressive symptoms among orphans and vulnerable children in Cambodia?

Ong KI, Yi S, Tuot S, Chhoun P, Shibanuma A, Yasuoka J, Jimba M.
BMC Psychiatry. 2015 Jul 29;15:178.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26220677
http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-244X/15/178

Compared to general children, orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) are more exposed to negative outcomes in life such as abuse and neglect. Consequently, OVC are more susceptible to depression. This paper investigated factors associated with depressive symptoms among OVC in Cambodia.

Psychological resilience and active social participation among older adults with incontinence: a qualitative study.

Takahashi K, Sase E, Kato A, Igari T, Kikuchi K, Jimba M.
Aging Ment Health. 2015 Jul 15:1-7.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26179274
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13607863.2015.1065792

Incontinence restricts participation in social activities among older adults. However, some older adults participate in social activities despite this condition. This study aimed to describe how older adults with incontinence could be resilient and actively participate in social activities.

Unnecessary Dieting Intention and Behavior among Female Students in Naha City, Japan.

Myint KZ, Nonaka D, Jimba M, Nanishi K, Poudel KC, Yasuoka J, Miyagi M, Shinjo M, Kobayashi J.
Trop Med Health. 2015 Jun;43(2):131-40.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26161031
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4491491/

Weight concerns and dieting are prevalent among female adolescents both in Western and Asian countries. They can result in negative psychological and physiological consequences. This study aimed to examine the relative importance of social and personal factors in the decision to diet among female adolescent students in Japan, applying the Theory of Planned Behavior.

学校保健には希望がある-国際保健の現場から
(School Health Potential - From the Perspective of Global Health)

神馬征峰. 学校保健研究. 2015 57(2):74.

Determining a Cut-Off Point for Scores of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form: Secondary Data Analysis of an Intervention Study in Japan.

Nanishi K, Green J, Taguri M, Jimba M.
PLoS One. 2015 Jun 24;10(6):e0129698.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26107382
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0129698

Breastfeeding self-efficacy can be measured with the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (BSES-SF). Mothers with low BSES-SF scores stop exclusive breastfeeding prematurely, but specific interventions can prevent that undesirable outcome. Because those interventions can be expensive, often one must decide which mothers will receive them. For that purpose, a cut-off BSES-SF score would be useful, but none is available. Therefore, we aimed to assess the overall accuracy of BSES-SF scores as predictors of not practicing post-discharge exclusive breastfeeding, and to choose an appropriate cut-off score for making that prediction.

High Incidence of Neonatal Danger Signs and Its Implications for Postnatal Care in Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Okawa S, Ansah EK, Nanishi K, Enuameh Y, Shibanuma A, Kikuchi K, Yasuoka J, Gyapong M, Owusu-Agyei S, Oduro AR, Asare GQ, Hodgson A, Jimba M; Ghana EMBRACE Implementation Research Project Team.
PLoS One. 2015 Jun 19;10(6):e0130712.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26091424
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0130712

Reducing neonatal mortality is a major public health priority in sub-Saharan Africa. Numerous studies have examined the determinants of neonatal mortality, but few have explored neonatal danger signs which potentially cause morbidity. This study assessed danger signs observed in neonates at birth, determined the correlations of multiple danger signs and complications between neonates and their mothers, and identified factors associated with neonatal danger signs.

Patient Knowledge on Malaria Symptoms Is a Key to Promoting Universal Access of Patients to Effective Malaria Treatment in Palawan, the Philippines.

Matsumoto-Takahashi EL, Tongol-Rivera P, Villacorte EA, Angluben RU, Jimba M, Kano S.
PLoS One. 2015 Jun 16;10(6):e0127858.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26079135
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0127858

Palawan, where health care facilities are still limited, is one of the most malaria endemic provinces in the Philippines. Since 1999, microscopists (community health workers) have been trained in malaria diagnosis and feasibility of early diagnosis and treatments have been enhanced throughout the province. To accelerate the universal access of malaria patients to diagnostic testing in Palawan, positive health seeking behavior should be encouraged when malaria infection is suspected.

Factors associated with RTCs among for-hire three-wheeler drivers in Sri Lanka: a case-control study.

Jayatilleke AU, Poudel KC, Dharmaratne SD, Jayatilleke AC, Jimba M.
Inj Prev. 2015 Jun 9. pii: injuryprev-2014-041501.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26060218
http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/early/2015/06/09/injuryprev-2014-041501.abstract

For-hire three-wheeler crashes are a growing burden in Sri Lanka. We conducted this study to examine the factors associated with road traffic crashes (RTCs) among for-hire three-wheeler drivers in Sri Lanka.

The Role of Nutrition Training for Health Workers in Addressing Poor Feeding Practices and Undernutrition Among HIV-Positive Children.

Sunguya BF, Urassa DP, Yasuoka J, Jimba M.
In Watson RR, editor. Health of HIV Infected People: Food, Nutrition and Lifestyle without Antiretroviral drugs. Vol. II: Oxford, UK: Elsevier; 2015. p.113-130.
http://store.elsevier.com/product.jsp?locale=en_JP&isbn=9780128007679
http://amzn.com/0128007672

Social-Contextual Factors Associated with Alcohol Use among Adolescents of Traditional Alcohol User and Nonuser Ethnic Groups of Nepal.

Parajuli VJ, Macdonald S, Jimba M.
J Ethn Subst Abuse. 2015 Apr-Jun;14(2):151-65.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25984956
http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/jbhy6n2SXiSyH9HqxhNj/full

Nepalese society has diverse ethnic groups that can be categorized based on views toward alcohol. In this study, adolescents from the traditional alcohol nonuser (TANU) and traditional alcohol user (TAU) ethnic groups of Nepal are examined for their: (1) alcohol use behavior and (2) social–contextual factors associated with alcohol use.

HIV service delivery models towards ‘Zero AIDS-related Deaths’: a collaborative case study of 6 Asia and Pacific countries

Fujita M, Poudel KC, Green K, Wi T, Abeyewickreme I, Ghidinelli M, Kato M, Vun M, Sopheap S, San K, Bollen P, Rai K, Dahal A, Bhandari D, Boas P, Yaipupu J, Sirinirund P, Saonuam P, Duong B, Nhan D, Thu N, Jimba M.
BMC Health Services Research. 2015, 15:176.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25902708
http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/15/176/

In the Asia-Pacific region, limited systematic assessment has been conducted on HIV service delivery models. Applying an analytical framework of the continuum of prevention and care, this study aimed to assess HIV service deliveries in six Asia and Pacific countries from the perspective of service availability, linking approaches and performance monitoring for maximizing HIV case detection and retention.

Training Sri Lankan public health midwives on intimate partner violence: a pre- and post-intervention study

Jayatilleke AC, Yoshikawa K, Yasuoka J, Poudel KC, Fernando N, Jayatilleke AU, Jimba M.
BMC Public Health. 2015. 15:331.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25885635
http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/15/331

In many developing countries, intimate partner violence (IPV) training is not available for health providers. As a pioneer among developing countries, in 2009, the Sri Lankan Ministry of Health trained a group of community health providers known as public health midwives (PHMs) on IPV. We evaluated that training program's efficacy in improving PHMs' identification and management of IPV sufferers in Kandy, Sri Lanka.

Implementation of 5S management method for lean healthcare at a health center in Senegal: a qualitative study of staff perception

Kanamori S, Sow S, Castro MC, Matsuno R, Tsuru A, Jimba M.
Glob Health Action. 2015 Apr 7;8:27256.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25854781
http://www.globalhealthaction.net/index.php/gha/article/view/27256

5S is a lean method for workplace organization; it is an abbreviation representing five Japanese words that can be translated as sort, set in order, shine, standardize, and sustain. The 5S management method has been recognized recently as a potential solution for improving the quality of government healthcare services in low- and middle-income countries.

Introduction of a community water supply in rural western Kenya: impact on community wellbeing and child health

Sakisaka K, Chadeka EA, Nagi S, Mwandembo DS, Jimba M.
Int Health. 2015 Apr 2. pii: ihv015.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25835431
http://inthealth.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2015/04/01/inthealth.ihv015.full

This study aimed to examine water availability and community health before and after tube wells were introduced in a rural western Kenyan community. Differences in impact among income quintile groups were quantified, and users' perceptions of their water supply measured.

コロンビア共和国における地雷被災者支援の動向と課題

高橋競, 神馬征峰.
国際保健医療. 30(1):15-21.
http://dx.doi.org/10.11197/jaih.30.15

長年にわたるゲリラや麻薬組織との内線の結果,コロンビアには今も多くの地雷が残されており、地雷被災者支援が社会問題になっている。本稿は、コロンビアにおける地雷被災者支援の最新の動向をまとめ、今後の課題について検討することを目的とした。

健康,政治,権力―国際保健の現場から

神馬征峰.
日本健康教育学会誌. 23(1):43-49.
http://dx.doi.org/10.11260/kenkokyoiku.23.43

日本の平均寿命は今や世界のトップであるが,途上国ではいまだに死をも招きかねない「政治と健康」の課題に直面している.そして歴史的エビデンスだけではない,科学的エビデンスをさぐる動きが活発になってきている).本稿ではまず,途上国の健康問題への取り組みを専門とする国際保健と政治との関係について述べる.次いで,政治課題としての国連ミレニアム開発目標の成果と残された課題を示す.さらに国際保健をめぐる政治と権力のかかわりについて紹介する.そして最後に,政治が不適切に権力を行使したとき,住民はいかに立ち向かうべきか,マハトマ・ガンジーの抵抗運動からの教訓を示したい.そして権力と向き合いながら,いかに健康課題と取り組んでいくべきかを論じる.

健康の政治的決定要因:注目される背景と研究の可能性

柴沼晃.
日本健康教育学会誌. 23(1):50-55.
http://dx.doi.org/10.11260/kenkokyoiku.23.50

平均的な健康水準が改善しているにも関わらず,人々の間には依然として健康格差が存在する.健康格差をもたらす要因には,政策や制度により解消しうるものとしえないものがある.「健康の社会的決定要因」は,人々の健康が,政治や社会,経済的に「本来であれば解消しうる要因」によって強く影響を受けるとの捉え方をする.本稿では,健康の社会的決定要因のうち,政治に関連する要因に着目した「健康の政治的決定要因」について紹介する.

ポリティクスは健康にどのように影響しているのか?:母乳育児を例として

名西恵子.
日本健康教育学会誌. 23(1):56-57.
http://dx.doi.org/10.11260/kenkokyoiku.23.56

健康とポリティクスの関係を理解することは,健康教育やヘルスプロモーションを考えるうえで欠かせない.ガブリエル・パーマーによる「母乳育児のポリティクス:おっぱいとビジネスの不都合な関係」)は,母乳育児を切り口として,健康とポリティクスについて理解を深めるのに最適である.

Ghana's Ensure Mothers and Babies Regular Access to Care (EMBRACE) program: study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial

Kikuchi K, Ansah E, Okawa S, Shibanuma A, Gyapong M, Owusu-Agyei S, Oduro A, Quansah-Asare G, Hodgson A, Jimba M and for the Ghana EMBRACE Implementation Research Project.
Trials. 2015;16:22.
http://www.trialsjournal.com/content/16/1/22
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25887849

The United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals call for improving maternal and child health status. Their progress, however, has been minimal and uneven across countries. The continuum of care is a key to strengthening maternal, newborn, and child health. In this context, the Japanese government launched the Ghana Ensure Mothers and Babies Regular Access to Care (EMBRACE) Implementation Research Project in collaboration with the Ghanaian government. This study aims to evaluate the implementation process and effects of an intervention to increase the continuum of care for maternal, newborn, and child health status in Ghana.

母乳育児のポリティクス: おっぱいとビジネスとの不都合な関係

ガブリエル・パーマー. 本郷寛子、瀬尾智子 (訳)
http://www.medica.co.jp/catalog/book/5300?e_flg=0
http://www.amazon.co.jp/dp/4840450080
https://www.facebook.com/pages/%E6%AF%8D%E4%B9%B3%E8%82%B2%E5%85%90%E3%81%AE%E3%83%9D%E3%83%AA%E3%83%86%E3%82%A3%E3%82%AF%E3%82%B9/297891240420744

今やその唯一無二の重要性が明らかであるにもかかわらず、母乳育児はなぜうまくいかないのか。赤ちゃんに魔の手を伸ばし、社会に暗い影を落とす張本人とは誰か。人類の歴史とともにある「哺育」を再評価することの重要性を説く著者渾身の新版、待望の完訳。

Caregivers' treatment-seeking behaviour for children under age five in malaria-endemic areas of rural Myanmar: a cross-sectional study.

Thandar MM, Kyaw MP, Jimba M, Yasuoka J.
Malar J. 2015 Jan 5;14(1):1.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25557741
http://www.malariajournal.com/content/14/1/1/

A community-based malaria intervention was introduced through fixed and mobile clinics in rural Myanmar. This study attempted to identify treatment-seeking behaviour of caregivers for children under five and the determinants of appropriate treatment-seeking behaviour in mobile clinic villages (MV) and non-mobile clinic villages (NMV) in malaria-endemic rural areas in Myanmar.

[Correspondence] Informal social control and intimate partner violence.

Jayatilleke A, Jayatilleke A, Jimba M, Yasuoka J.
Inj Prev. 2015 Feb;21(1):70. doi: 10.1136/injuryprev-2014-041421.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25326456
http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/21/1/70.2.extract

2014

序章「公衆衛生を学ぶにあたって」

神馬征峰
神馬征峰他.『系統看護学講座 専門基礎分野 健康支援と社会保障制度[2] 公衆衛生(第13版)』. 2-12. 医学書院.

第1章「公衆衛生のエッセンス」

神馬征峰
神馬征峰他.『系統看護学講座 専門基礎分野 健康支援と社会保障制度[2] 公衆衛生(第13版)』. 14-42. 医学書院.

第4章「環境と健康」

安岡潤子
神馬征峰他.『系統看護学講座 専門基礎分野 健康支援と社会保障制度[2] 公衆衛生(第13版)』. 82-108. 医学書院.

第5章「国際保健」

神馬征峰
神馬征峰他.『系統看護学講座 専門基礎分野 健康支援と社会保障制度[2] 公衆衛生(第13版)』. 110-122. 医学書院.
http://www.igaku-shoin.co.jp/bookDetail.do?book=86339

What makes orphans in Kigali, Rwanda, non-adherent to antiretroviral therapy? Perspectives of their caregivers.

Kikuchi K, Poudel KC, Muganda J, Sato T, Mutabazi V, Muhayimpundu R, Majyambere A, Nyonsenga SP, Sase E, Jimba M.
J Int AIDS Soc. 2014 Dec 3;17(1):19310. doi: 10.7448/IAS.17.1.19310.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25477050
http://www.jiasociety.org/index.php/jias/article/view/19310

Every year, approximately 260,000 children are infected with HIV in low- and middle-income countries. The timely initiation and high level of maintenance of antiretroviral therapy (ART) are crucial to reducing the suffering of HIV-positive children. We need to develop a better understanding of the background of children’s ART non-adherence because it is not well understood. The purpose of this study is to explore the background related to ART non-adherence, specifically in relation to the orphan status of children in Kigali, Rwanda.

Is Baby-Friendly Breastfeeding Support in Maternity Hospitals Associated with Breastfeeding Satisfaction Among Japanese Mothers?

Hongo H, Nanishi K, Shibanuma A, Jimba M.
Matern Child Health J. 2014 Nov 4. doi: 10.1007/s10995-014-1631-8.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25366103
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10995-014-1631-8

While the World Health Organization's Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative has increased breastfeeding duration and exclusivity, a survey found that only 8.5% of maternity hospitals in 31 developed countries could be designated baby-friendly. Baby-friendly breastfeeding support is sometimes criticized as mother unfriendly. This study examined whether baby-friendly breastfeeding support was associated with breastfeeding satisfaction, duration, and exclusivity among Japanese mothers.

「国際保健と保健師活動」

神馬征峰
星丹二, 麻原きよみ編.『これからの保健医療福祉行政論(第2版)』. 211-222. 日本看護協会出版社.
http://www.jnapc.co.jp/products/detail.php?product_id=56

世界の現場で見えてきたこと ─フィールドワーカーが見た“学校保健”「第3回 ネパール」

宮口萌
健. 2014(11). 日本学校保健研修社.
http://www.school-health.co.jp/ken_guid.html

Sense of coherence as a key to improve homebound status among older adults with urinary incontinence.

Takahashi K, Kato A, Igari T, Sase E, Shibanuma A, Kikuchi K, Nanishi K, Jimba M, Yasuoka J.
Geriatr Gerontol Int. 2014 Sep 26. doi: 10.1111/ggi.12353.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25257847
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ggi.12353/abstract

Being homebound is regarded as a negative condition for social participation in Japan. However, little is known about the possibility of psychological resilience to prevent being homebound among older adults with urinary incontinence. The present study aimed to examine the association between sense of coherence as a measure of psychological resilience and being homebound among older adults with urinary incontinence.

Female community health volunteers service utilization for childhood illness- improving quality of health services only is not enough: a cross-sectional study in mid-western region, Nepal.

Miyaguchi M, Yasuoka J, Poudyal AK, Silwal RC, Jimba M.
BMC Health Serv Res. 2014 Sep 11;14(1):383.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25212261
http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/14/383

Female Community Health Volunteers (FCHVs) are considered service providers for major health problems at the community level in Nepal. However, few studies have been conducted about the roles of FCHVs from the users' perspective. This study sought to examine the current status of FCHV service utilization and identify the determinants of caregivers' utilization of FCHVs' health services in the mid-western region of Nepal.

Power of Community Health in Implementing the Universal Health Insurance System in Japan.

Jimba M.
JMAJ 57(1): 10-14, 2014.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25237270
http://www.med.or.jp/english/journal/pdf/2014_01/010_014.pdf

(This article is a revised transcript of the presentation delivered by the author at the Takemi Program 30th Anniversary Symposium, which was held at the JMA Auditorium, Tokyo, on November 23, 2013.)

Strong nutrition governance is a key to addressing nutrition transition in low and middle-income countries: review of countries' nutrition policies.

Sunguya BF, Ong KI, Dhakal S, Mlunde LB, Shibanuma A, Yasuoka J, Jimba M.
Nutr J. 2014 Jun 27;13(1):65.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24970243
http://www.nutritionj.com/content/13/1/65/abstract

Nutrition transition necessitates low and middle-income countries (LAMICs) to scale up their efforts in addressing the burdens of undernutrition and overweight/obesity. Magnitudes of undernutrition and overweight are high in LAMICs, but no study has reviewed the existence of nutrition policies to address it. No evidence is also available on the effect of nutrition policies and governance on the undernutrition and overweight/obesity patterns in such countries. We conducted a policy review to examine the presence and associations of nutrition policies and governance with the children's nutrition statuses in LAMICs.

Poor Nutrition Status and Associated Feeding Practices among HIV-Positive Children in a Food Secure Region in Tanzania: A Call for Tailored Nutrition Training.

Sunguya BF, Poudel KC, Mlunde LB, Urassa DP, Yasuoka J, Jimba M.
PLoS One. 2014 May 20;9(5):e98308.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24846016
http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0098308

We conducted this mixed-method study among 748 children aged 6 months-14 years attending 9 of a total of 32 care and treatment centers in Tanga region, Tanzania. We collected quantitative data using a standard questionnaire and qualitative data through seven focus group discussions (FGDs).

Reliability and Validity of the Japanese Version of the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale: A Longitudinal Study.

Nanishi K, Jimba M.
J Hum Lact. 2014 May 13.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24828780

The 17-item Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) has shown good reliability and validity to measure attitudes toward infant feeding in various countries. It is also known to be associated with breastfeeding intention and exclusivity. However, the IIFAS has not been psychometrically tested among Japanese women. This study thus aimed to develop the Japanese version of the IIFAS (IIFAS-J) and assess its reliability and validity.

Interprofessional education for whom? - challenges and lessons learned from its implementation in developed countries and their application to developing countries: a systematic review.

Sunguya BF, Hinthong W, Jimba M, Yasuoka J.
PLoS One. 2014 May 8;9(5):e96724.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24809509
http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0096724

Evidence is available on the potential efficacy of interprofessional education (IPE) to foster interprofessional cooperation, improve professional satisfaction, and improve patient care. While the intention of the World Health Organization (WHO) is to implement IPE in all countries, evidence comes from developed countries about its efficiency, challenges, and barriers to planning and implementing IPE. We therefore conducted this review to examine challenges of implementing IPE to suggest possible pathways to overcome the anticipated challenges in developing countries.

Acceptance of Wife Beating and Its Association with Physical Violence towards Women in Nepal: A Cross-Sectional Study Using Couple's Data.

Yoshikawa K, Shakya TM, Poudel KC, Jimba M.
PLoS One. 2014 Apr 21;9(4):e95829.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24752579
http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095829

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious global public health issue. Acceptance of wife beating is known to be associated with IPV, but few studies have analysed the acceptance of wife beating from both women and men's points of view. The objective of this study was to examine whether acceptance of wife beating among couples is associated with lifetime and past one-year physical IPV perpetration towards wives in Nepal.

Application of loop analysis for evaluation of malaria control interventions.

Yasuoka J, Jimba M, Levins R.
Malar J. 2014 Apr 9;13(1):140.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24713031
http://www.malariajournal.com/content/13/1/140

Despite continuous efforts and recent rapid expansion in the financing and implementation of malaria control interventions, malaria still remains one of the most devastating global health issues. Even in countries that have been successful in reducing the incidence of malaria, malaria control is becoming more challenging because of the changing epidemiology of malaria and waning community participation in control interventions. In order to improve the effectiveness of interventions and to promote community understanding of the necessity of continued control efforts, there is an urgent need to develop new methodologies that examine the mechanisms by which community-based malaria interventions could reduce local malaria incidence.

Prioritizing Mental Health Issues of Community Residents Affected by Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident.

Komasa Y, Kitamura A, Tsuboi M, Jimba M, Kimura S.
Clinical Neuropsychiatry (2013) 10, 6, 241-244.
http://www.clinicalneuropsychiatry.org/pdf/komasa.pdf

Mental health consequences of the Great East Japan Earthquake and the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident in Fukushima in 2011 may be observed in a longer term. In this report, lessons learned from the past dissters in Japan, and the present overview of experiences, mental and phychological distress among the people living in Fukushima are discussed.

Factors influencing the National School Health Policy implementation in Lao PDR: a multi-level case study.

Saito J, Keosada N, Tomokawa S, Akiyama T, Kaewviset S, Nonaka D, Waikugul J, Kobayashi J, Souvanvixay M, Jimba M.
Health Promot Int. 2014 Apr 2.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24694681
http://heapro.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2014/04/02/heapro.dau016.abstract

In the last decade, a National School Health Policy (NSHP) has been formulated in several developing countries following the recommendations of the Global School Health Initiative. However, NSHP implementations across the country have not been fully shared. This study aimed to identify factors that have influenced implementation of the NSHP in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR). We conducted key informant interviews with 20 NSHP implementers and document reviews.

Perceived Family Support, Depression, and Suicidal Ideation among People Living with HIV/AIDS: A Cross-Sectional Study in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal.

Amiya RM, Poudel KC, Poudel-Tandukar K, Pandey BD, Jimba M.
PLoS One. 2014 Mar 6;9(3):e90959.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24603886
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/24603886/

Depression and suicidal thinking occur frequently alongside HIV/AIDS, triggering profound detrimental impacts on quality of life, treatment adherence, disease progression, and mortality. Yet the psychosocial factors contributing to these psychiatric comorbidities remain underexplored, particularly in the developing country context. This study thus examined different dimensions of perceived family support in relation to depression and suicidal ideation among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Nepal.

Determining the impact of community awareness-raising activities on the prevention of malaria transmission in Palawan, the Philippines.

Matsumoto-Takahashi EL, Tongol-Rivera P, Villacorte EA, Angluben RU, Yasuoka J, Kano S, Jimba M.
Parasitol Int. 2014 Feb 7. pii: S1383-5769(14)00011-7.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24508869
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1383576914000117

Palawan has the highest malaria endemicity in the Philippines, and malaria remains a major health burden in the region. In 1999, 344 microscopists were trained in Palawan. This allowed for early diagnosis and prompt treatment throughout the island. To take a significant step toward the elimination of malaria on the island, microscopists implemented community awareness-raising activities aimed at preventing transmission of malaria. The objective of the present study was to determine the impact of these activities on the self-implemented preventive measures against malaria by the ex-patients of the microscopists.

Acculturation factors and metabolic syndrome among Japanese-Brazilian men in Japan: a cross-sectional descriptive study.

Tashiro M, Yasuoka J, Poudel KC, Noto H, Masuo M, Jimba M.
J Immigr Minor Health. 2014 Feb;16(1):68-76.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23430465
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10903-013-9797-5

This study examines the acculturation effects on metabolic syndrome (MetS), and its related factors, among immigrant Japanese-Brazilian men in Japan. Quantitative and qualitative approaches were utilized. In the quantitative study (n = 149), multiple logistic regression analyses estimated the impact of length of residence and arrival age on MetS. For the qualitative study, five focus group discussions were conducted with participants (n = 26) from the quantitative study sample. The oldest arrival age group was more likely to have MetS (OR, 95% CI 4.41, 1.09-17.78) after adjusting for covariates; whereas, length of residence had no association with MetS.

Cross-border promotion of formula milk in Lao People's Democratic Republic.

Phoutthakeo P, Otsuka K, Ito C, Sayamoungkhoun P, Kounnavong S, Jimba M.
J Paediatr Child Health. 2014 Jan;50(1):51-6.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24134830
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jpc.12391/abstract

This study aims to examine the influence of formula milk promotion via the media from Thailand to Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR), where a cultural and linguistic proximity are shared. A cross-sectional study was conducted through a structured questionnaire survey and focus group discussion (FGD) with mothers who had children under 2 years of age and lived in Vientiane Capital, Lao PDR.

Effectiveness of a breastfeeding self-efficacy intervention: do hospital practices make a difference?

Otsuka K, Taguri M, Dennis CL, Wakutani K, Awano M, Yamaguchi T, Jimba M.
Matern Child Health J. 2014 Jan;18(1):296-306.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23592322
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10995-013-1265-2

Breastfeeding self-efficacy interventions are important for improving breastfeeding outcomes. However, the circumstances that may influence the effectiveness of the interventions are unclear, especially in the context of hospitals with suboptimal infant feeding practices. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the effect of a self-efficacy intervention on breastfeeding self-efficacy and exclusive breastfeeding, and further assessed the difference in its effect by hospital-routine type.

2013

Nutrition Training Improves Health Workers' Nutrition Knowledge and Competence to Manage Child Undernutrition: A Systematic Review.

Sunguya BF, Poudel KC, Mlunde LB, Urassa DP, Yasuoka J, Jimba M.
Front Public Health. 2013 Sep 24;1:37. eCollection 2013. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24350206

Medical and nursing education lack adequate practical nutrition training to fit the clinical reality that health workers face in their practices. Such a deficit creates health workers with poor nutrition knowledge and child undernutrition management practices. In-service nutrition training can help to fill this gap. However, no systematic review has examined its collective effectiveness. We thus conducted this study to examine the effectiveness of in-service nutrition training on health workers' nutrition knowledge, counseling skills, and child undernutrition management practices.

What are the factors associated with HIV testing among male injecting and non-injecting drug users in Lashio, Myanmar: a cross-sectional study.

Saw YM, Yasuoka J, Saw TN, Poudel KC, Tun S, Jimba M.
BMJ Open. 2013 Jun 20;3(6). http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23794581

HIV testing is an effective intervention for reducing HIV risk and providing information on HIV status. However, uptake of HIV testing is a major challenge within the drug-using population due to the stigma and discrimination associated with their illegal drug use behaviours. This study thus aimed to identify factors associated with HIV testing among injecting drug users (IDUs) and non-injecting drug users (NIDUs) in Lashio, Myanmar.

Taking stock of Myanmar's progress toward the health-related Millennium Development Goals: current roadblocks, paths ahead.

Saw YM, Win KL, Shiao LW, Thandar MM, Amiya RM, Shibanuma A, Tun S, Jimba M.
Int J Equity Health. 2013 Sep 11;12:78. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24025845

Myanmar is a developing country with considerable humanitarian needs, rendering its pursuit of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) an especially high priority. Yet progress to date remains under-examined on key fronts. Particularly within the three health-related MDGs (MDGs 4, 5, and 6), the limited data reported point to patchy levels of achievement. This study was undertaken to provide an overview and assessment of Myanmar's progress toward the health-related MDGs, along with possible solutions for accelerating health-related development into 2015 and beyond. The review highlights off-track progress in the spheres of maternal and child health (MDGs 4 and 5). It also shows Myanmar's achievements toward MDG 6 targets--in the areas of HIV/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis.

Coinfection of Hepatitis C Virus among HIV-Positive People in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal.

Poudel KC, Palmer PH, Jimba M, Mizoue T, Kobayashi J, Poudel-Tandukar K.
J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care. 2013 Sep 20. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24056798

Previous research has studied the rate of hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection among HIV-positive people regardless of their antiretroviral therapy (ART) status. Our objectives were to measure the seroprevalence of HCV both in HIV-positive people receiving ART and in those not receiving ART and to describe the characteristics of coinfected people in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal.

Integrating child health services into malaria control services of village malaria workers in remote Cambodia: service utilization and knowledge of malaria management of caregivers.

Hasegawa A, Yasuoka J, Ly P, Nguon C, Jimba M.
Malar J. 2013 Aug 23;12(1):292. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23968533

Malaria and other communicable diseases remain major threats in developing countries. In Cambodia, village malaria workers (VMWs) have been providing malaria control services in remote villages to cope with the disease threats. In 2009, the VMW project integrated child health services into the original malaria control services. However, little has been studied about the utilization of VMWs' child health services. This study aimed to identify determinants of caregivers' VMW service utilization for childhood illness and caregivers' knowledge of malaria management.

Long-term impact of community-based information, education and communication activities on food hygiene and food safety behaviors in Vietnam: a longitudinal study.

Takanashi K, Quyen DT, Le Hoa NT, Khan NC, Yasuoka J, Jimba M.
PLoS One. 2013 Aug 12;8(8):e70654. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23950978

Ingestion of contaminated water or food is a major contributor to childhood diarrhea in developing countries. In Vietnam, the use of community-based information, education and communication (IEC) activities could be a sustainable strategy to improve food hygiene and food safety behaviors. This study thus examined the long-term impact of community-based IEC activities on food hygiene and food safety behaviors.

Current salt reduction policies across gradients of inequality-adjusted human development in the WHO European region: minding the gaps.

Rodriguez-Fernandez R, Siopa M, Simpson SJ, Amiya RM, Breda J, Cappuccio FP.
Public Health Nutr. 2013 Aug 8:1-11. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23924617

OBJECTIVE: To assess current salt reduction policies in countries of the WHO European Region against the backdrop of varying levels of human development adjusted for income, education and health (longevity) inequalities.
DESIGN: Population-based, cross-sectional study, with data gathered through systematic review of relevant databases and supplementary information provided by WHO Nutrition Counterparts.

Reliability tests and validation tests of the client satisfaction questionnaire (CSQ-8) as an index of satisfaction with childbirth-related care among Filipino women.

Matsubara C, Green J, Astorga LT, Daya EL, Jervoso HC, Gonzaga EM, Jimba M.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2013 Dec 17;13:235. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24341288

Satisfaction is an important indicator of the quality of care during childbirth. Previous research found that a good environment at a health facility can increase the number of deliveries at that facility. In contrast, an unsatisfying childbirth experience could cause postpartum mental disorder. Therefore it is important to measure mothers' satisfaction with their childbirth experiences. We tested whether the eight-item Client Satisfaction Questionnaire (CSQ-8) provided useful information about satisfaction with childbirth-related care. The government of the Philippines promotes childbirth at health facilities, so we tested the CSQ-8 in the Philippine cities of Ormoc and Palo.

Intention to seek professional psychological help among college students in Turkey: influence of help-seeking attitudes.

Seyfi F, Poudel KC, Yasuoka J, Otsuka K, Jimba M.
BMC Res Notes. 2013 Dec 6;6:519. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24313965

Depression rates are high among college students in Turkey, but often students do not seek mental health care. This study aimed to examine the association between attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help and intention to seek professional psychological help among such college students. We also examined the factors associated with students' professional psychological help-seeking attitudes. We conducted this cross-sectional study among 456 conveniently sampled graduate and undergraduate students in Ankara. We collected students' data using self-administered, structured questionnaires in the Turkish language and then analyzed the data using both descriptive and multivariate methods.

Development and psychometric testing of the Japanese version of the maternal breastfeeding evaluation scale.

Hongo H, Green J, Otsuka K, Jimba M.
J Hum Lact. 2013 Nov;29(4):611-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23777624

Exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months after delivery is globally recommended as optimal infant feeding. However, if mothers evaluate their own breastfeeding by this standard, many might be disappointed because they fail to meet it. In contrast, the Maternal Breastfeeding Evaluation Scale (MBFES) measures mothers' satisfaction with breastfeeding regardless of the duration or exclusivity of breastfeeding. The MBFES has been used in Western countries, but not in Japan.

Determining the active role of microscopists in community awareness-raising activities for malaria prevention: a cross-sectional study in Palawan, the Philippines.

Matsumoto-Takahashi EL, Tongol-Rivera P, Villacorte EA, Angluben RU, Yasuoka J, Kano S, Jimba M.
Malar J. 2013 Nov 1;12:384. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24175934

Malaria remains one of the most prevalent and fatal diseases among the inhabitants of Palawan in the Philippines. Palawan, where healthcare services remain limited, has the highest malaria endemicity in the country. To eliminate malaria, effective prevention measures should be conducted alongside early diagnosis and prompt treatment, which are the major tasks of the trained microscopists in Palawan. However, while the microscopists have implemented community awareness-raising activities aimed at preventing transmission of malaria, the nature and quality of these activities have not been evaluated. The present study identified the factors associated with the strengthening of community awareness-raising activities for malaria prevention implemented by microscopists in Palawan.

Receptivity to tobacco marketing and susceptibility to smoking among non-smoking male students in an urban setting in Lao PDR.

Saito J, Yasuoka J, Poudel KC, Foung L, Vilaysom S, Jimba M.
Tob Control. 2013 Nov;22(6):389-94. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22634572

Tobacco marketing is a contributing factor to adolescent smoking, and now targeting adolescents in low- and middle-income countries. Especially, promotional items with tobacco brand logos have a great impact on adolescent smoking. The authors evaluated whether receptivity to tobacco marketing is associated with susceptibility to smoking among non-smoking male students in Lao PDR.

Efficacy of in-service nutrition training for mid-level providers to improve feeding practices among HIV-positive children in Tanga, Tanzania: study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial.

Sunguya BF, Poudel KC, Mlunde LB, Urassa DP, Jimba M, Yasuoka J.
Trials. 2013 Oct 25;14:352. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24156500

Feeding practices and child undernutrition can be improved when trained health workers provide proper nutrition counseling to caregivers. However, this important management component is difficult to achieve in countries where trained health workers are limited; Tanzania is no exception. In rural and semi-urban areas, mid-level providers (MLPs) are left to manage diseases such as HIV/AIDS.Training health workers in nutrition has been shown to be an effective intervention among HIV-negative children elsewhere, but no studies have been conducted among HIV-positive children. Furthermore, in Tanzania and other countries with MLPs, no evidence currently exists demonstrating an improvement in nutrition among children who receive health services given by MLPs. This study thus aims to examine the efficacy of nutrition training of MLPs on feeding practices and the nutrition status of HIV-positive children in Tanga, Tanzania.

Effectiveness of nutrition training of health workers toward improving caregivers' feeding practices for children aged six months to two years: a systematic review.

Sunguya BF, Poudel KC, Mlunde LB, Shakya P, Urassa DP, Jimba M, Yasuoka J.
Nutr J. 2013 May 20;12:66. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23688174

Nutrition training of health workers can help to reduce child undernutrition. Specifically, trained health workers might contribute to this end through frequent nutrition counseling of caregivers. This may improve child-feeding practices and thus reduce the risk of undernutrition among children of counseled caregivers. Although studies have shown varied impacts of health workers' nutrition training on child feeding practices, no systematic review of the effectiveness of such intervention has yet been reported. Therefore, we conducted this study to examine the effectiveness of nutrition training for health workers on child feeding practices including feeding frequency, energy intake, and dietary diversity among children aged six months to two years.

Improved quality of life after surgery for pelvic organ prolapse in Nepalese women.

Dhital R, Otsuka K, Poudel KC, Yasuoka J, Dangal G, Jimba M.
BMC Womens Health. 2013 May 9;13:22. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23657142

Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common gynecological condition that can affect quality of life (QOL) in women. In Nepal, the prevalence of POP is high, but many affected women are still deprived of treatment. Vaginal hysterectomy with pelvic floor repair is one of the common treatment options for advanced POP. However, QOL outcomes after surgery have not been reported in low-income countries. Thus, we aimed to examine changes in QOL among Nepalese women with POP after such surgery.

Mental health status among Burmese adolescent students living in boarding houses in Thailand: a cross-sectional study.

Akiyama T, Win T, Maung C, Ray P, Sakisaka K, Tanabe A, Kobayashi J, Jimba M.
BMC Public Health. 2013 Apr 12;13:337. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23587014

In Tak province of Thailand, a number of adolescent students who migrated from Burma have resided in the boarding houses of migrant schools. This study investigated mental health status and its relationship with perceived social support among such students.

Better learning in schools to improve attitudes toward abstinence and intentions for safer sex among adolescents in urban Nepal.

Shrestha RM, Otsuka K, Poudel KC, Yasuoka J, Lamichhane M, Jimba M.
BMC Public Health. 2013 Mar 20;13:22. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23509909

School-based sex education is an effective medium to convey health information and skills about preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unwanted pregnancies among adolescents. However, research on school-based sex education is limited in many developing countries, including Nepal. This study thus had two main objectives: (1) to assess students' evaluation of school-based sex education, and (2) to examine the associations between students' evaluations of school-based sex education and their (a) attitudes toward abstinence and (b) intentions for safer sex.

Limited potential of school textbooks to prevent tobacco use among students grade 1-9 across multiple developing countries: a content analysis study.

Saito J, Nonaka D, Mizoue T, Kobayashi J, Jayatilleke AC, Shrestha S, Kikuchi K, Haque SE, Yi S, Ayi I, Jimba M.
BMJ Open. 2013 Feb 21;3(2). http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23430601

Approximately 68,000 to 84,000 adolescents. These are numbers of adolescents who start smoking every day in developing countries. Where can we reach them to prevent their first cigarette? Schools! Especially in developing countries, the advantage of school-based education is compounding as the enrolment of children rapidly increases, and the school textbooks are the most commonly used and crucial educational resources. This is the first multi-country study to evaluate the content of school textbooks about tobacco use prevention in developing countries. The authors hope that this study contributes to seize the chance of tobacco prevention education in developing countries by improving the contents of textbooks.

At the intersection of public health and criminal justice systems

Amiya RM, Cope JE, Poudel KC, Jimba M.
Lancet. 2013 Feb 16;381(9866):534. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23415301

In this correspondence to the Lancet, we comment on the Oct 27editorial highlighting the 2012 UN report, "Sex Work and the Law in Asia and the Pacific". We commend the report and the Lancet's focus on the impacts of legal policies and systems on the health and human rights of sex workers in the context of HIV/AIDS responses. At the same time, we propose a broader consideration of how public health and criminal justice systems may intersect and sometimes collide - including criminal HIV transmission and exposure laws, punitive drug control policies, and criminalization of sexual and gender minorities.

Arsenic Exposure and Oral Cavity Lesions in Bangladesh

Syed EH, Melkonian S, Poudel KC, Yasuoka J, Otsuka K, Ahmed A, Islam T, Parvez F, Slavkovich V, Graziano JH, Ahsan H, Jimba M.
J Occup Environ Med. 2013;55(1):59-66. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23201591

Toxic metals have profound effects on oral health. We evaluated the effects of arsenic exposure on oral health for the first time, using data from an epidemiological study in Bangladesh. Participants with urinary arsenic levels (286.1-5000.0µg/g) were 2.90 and 2.79 times more likely to develop arsenical lesions of the gums and tongue, respectively, compared with those of urinary arsenic levels of 7.0-134.0µg/g. In summary, higher levels of arsenic exposure showed the risk of arsenical lesions of the gums and tongue. Providing safe water can shun such diseases among arsenic-affected people.

Health-related quality of life, depression, and self-esteem in adolescents with leprosy-affected parents: results of a cross-sectional study in Nepal.

N, Poudel KC, Jimba M.
BMC Public Health. 2013 Jan 10;13:22. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23305620

Leprosy patients are stigmatized in Nepalese society. Although intensive rehabilitation support is increasing by the psychological and socioeconomic support networks of leprosy-affected people and their families, these individuals have to deal with a poor quality of life and an ongoing struggle against stigma. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of parental leprosy on the well-being of adolescent children. As a result, adolescents with leprosy-affected parents had higher levels of depressive symptoms, lower levels of self-esteem, and lower HRQOL. Our results suggest that mental health support programs are necessary for adolescents with leprosy-affected parents.

World Health Assembly Agendas and trends of international health issues for the last 43 years: Analysis of World Health Assembly Agendas between 1970 and 2012

Kitamura T, Obara H, Takashima Y, Takahashi K, Inaoka K, Nagai M, Endo H, Jimba M, Sugiura Y.
Health Policy. 2013 May;110(2-3):198-206. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23295159

The World Health Organization (WHO) has the objective of attaining the highest possible level of health for all. The World Health Assembly (WHA) functions as the supreme decision-making body of the WHO. The WHA agenda have to be carefully selected to achieve the objective of the WHO since it determines the policies of the WHO. In this article, we analysed the WHA agenda items between 1970 and 2012 from the viewpoints of chronological change, categories, and relationship with major health issues milestones to provide supportive evidence to set balanced WHA agenda items in the future.

Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and C-reactive protein in persons with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection.

Poudel-Tandukar K, Poudel KC., Jimba M, Kobayashi J, Johnson AC, Palmer PH.
AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2013 Mar;29(3):528-34. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23003113

This is the first study exploring the association between serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) in a cohort of people infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection. In this study, we discussed that a risk of having high level of inflammation (CRP >3 mg/L) may be high among HIV-positive men and women with 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] serum level of <20 ng/mL. These findings are important in that they may lead to potential new intervention strategies (e.g. supplementation, dietary changes, etc.) to increase improved health and quality of life for HIV-positive people.

Exposure to violence in relation to depressive symptoms among male and female adolescent students in Cambodia.

Yi S, Poudel KC, Yasuoka J, Palmer PH, Yi S, Jimba M.
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2013 Mar;48(3):397-405. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22820619

In post-conflict Cambodia, adolescents continue to suffer from violence and subsequent psychological disorders. This article is written based on the first research study on adolescent health in Cambodia. It reports the high prevalence of exposure to family and community violence and addresses how the exposure might be related to poor mental health condition of adolescents in a developing country. Several potential pathways of the relationship are discussed.

Massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPG): association between its addiction, self-control and mental disorders among young people in Vietnam.

Son DT, Yasuoka J, Poudel KC, Otsuka K, Jimba M.
Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2013 Sep;59(6):570-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22718852

30 days for continuously playing MMORPG, then game room staff members bought me food, when I had fallen asleep on the keyboard. I did not shower and change clothes during that time. My mother had to pay 250 USD to take me out of the room. That's my record." An under 18 year-old boy said to me in the interview. Much of what we know about MMORPG and mental health in Vietnam comes from case reports from mental health treatment settings. This study contributes to the literature by adding information on the characteristics of MMORPG gamers and the association between their addiction and psychological status among youths in Vietnam, where limited research has been done.

Receptivity to Tobacco Marketing and Susceptibility to Smoking among Non-smoking Male Students in an Urban Setting in Lao PDR.

Saito J, Yasuoka J, Poudel KC, Foung L, Vilaysom S, Jimba M.
Tob Control. 2013 Nov;22(6):389-94. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22634572

This is rare tobacco research study in Lao PDR, a lower-middle income country in Asia. We argued that focusing only on the restriction of promotional brand items is not enough for preventing smoking among Lao male adolescents. The comprehensive ban of tobacco marketing is indeed critical. In addition, discouraging recognition of pro-tobacco messages is also strongly needed to reduce smoking susceptibility. These findings will contribute to tobacco control research in Asia. Asian countries are facing various challenges for adolescent tobacco use prevention. We need more research in this region.

Making schools healthy among Burmese migrants in Thailand.

Akiyama T, Win T, Maung C, Ray P, Kaji A, Tanabe A, Jimba M, Kobayashi J.
Health Promot Int. 2013 Jun;28(2):223-32. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22434790

In Thailand, a health-promoting school (HPS) program is in place nationwide. However, this policy has not covered Burmese migrant schools. Therefore, to ensure the feasibility of the implementation of a HPS program, we conducted evaluations and an intervention on school health in migrant schools in Thailand. We included 44 primary-level schools in the Tak province in 2008. We were able to evaluate the results of the intervention in 43 of 44 schools in the subsequent year.

PAGETOP

2012

A call for parental monitoring to improve condom use among secondary school students in Dares Salaam, Tanzania

Mlunde LB, Poudel KC, Sunguya BF, Mbwambo JK, Yasuoka J, Otsuka K, Ubuguyu O, Jimba M.
BMC Public Health. 2012;12(1):1061. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23216949

About 3.8 million young people aged 15 to 24 years were living with HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa alone in 2009. Even under such high toll, young people continue to engage in risky sexual behaviors including unprotected sexual intercourse. In other regions, parents have played an important role to reduce risky sexual behaviors among young people. We conducted this study in Dares Salaam to examine the parental role in reducing risky sexual behaviors among secondary school students. We found unprecedented high magnitude of risky sexual behaviors among students. We therefore called for the increase in parental monitoring as it was found to have played a significant role to improve condom use particularly among male students.

A new analytical framework of 'continuum of prevention and care' to maximize HIV case detection and retention in care in Vietnam

Fujita M, Poudel KC, Do Thi N, Bui Duc D, Nguyen Van K, Green K, Nguyen Thi Minh T, Kato M, Jacka D, Cao Thi Thanh T, Nguyen Thanh L, Jimba M.
BMC Health Services Research. 2012;12(1):483. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23272730

The global initiative 'Treatment 2.0' calls for expanding the evidence base of optimal HIV service delivery models to maximize HIV case detection and retention in care. However limited systematic assessment has been conducted in countries with concentrated HIV epidemic. We aimed to assess HIV service availability and service connectedness in Vietnam.

神馬征峰. フィールドに出よう!12 「フィールドワーカーたちの空」.

公衆衛生. 2012;76(12):997-1000.

この連載も今回で最後である.フィールドでの宝探しの物語を10人のフィールドワーカーたちにこれまで語ってもらった.すべて知人ではあるが初めて聞く話も多い.どれもが私自身にとっての宝探しの旅でもあった.「フィールド」と言うことによって、外にばかり目がいっていた.フィールドワーカーたちがこれほど深い人生経験をしていたことを知らずにいた.それは私にとっての最大の反省でもあり、収穫でもあった.ただフィールドに出ているだけではいけない.フィールド経験を言葉にし、書くことによって、個々のフィールド経験は一層深化し、一定の普遍性が獲得される.そのことに気付いた.最終回、10人のフィールドワーカーたちが得た宝が何であったか?振り返ってみたい.(続きは雑誌をご覧ください)

安岡潤子. フィールドに出よう!11 「共に暮らし、心通わせ、同じ目標に向かう ―スリランカ農村の環境を活かしてマラリア予防」.

公衆衛生. 2012;76(11):904-907.

人生の転機はスラム街で. 今から13年前の冬,パキスタンの商都カラチにあるスラム街を訪れた私は,長老の家でハエの浮いたミルクティーをご馳走になっていた.家畜小屋と一体になった,土壁の粗末な家.糞尿の臭いが鼻を衝く.当時私は国際環境NGOの職員として,パキスタンで環境教育を実施していた.汚水やゴミに埋もれて環境汚染が進むこのスラム街の住民のために,身近な自然を守り環境を改善する大切さを理解してもらう教材を何とか作ろうとしていた.「私たち人間の最優先課題は,動植物を守り自然と共生すること」と,いくら熱心に語りかけても,長老はこの企画に全く興味を示してくれない.ショックだった.(続きは雑誌をご覧ください)

秋山剛. フィールドに出よう!10 「困難な社会状況の中,懸命に生きる人々の姿─中米とタイ・ミャンマー国境地帯での活動経験から」.

公衆衛生. 2012;76(10):819-822.

海外青年協力隊の隊員として中米のグアテマラ共和国への派遣,それが私にとって初めてのフィールド経験となった.その後,東京大学大学院に入学し,在学中は国立国際医療センターの研究協力者として,タイのミャンマー人移民社会と関わることになった.(続きは雑誌をご覧ください)

Infant feeding practices and breastfeeding duration in Japan: A review.

Inoue M, Binns CW, Otsuka K, Jimba M, Matsubara M.
Int Breastfeed J. 2012 Oct 25;7(1):15. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23098220

This is the first literature review to summarize the factors associating with breastfeeding outcomes in Japan. Smoking, low birth weight of infants and maternal perceptions of insufficient breast milk supply were negative influences on breastfeeding duration, while support from partners is associated with continued breastfeeding. Unlike studies from other countries, our review found that maternal age, family income and maternal educational levels, were not associated with breastfeeding duration in Japan. To monitor risk factors of breastfeeding outcomes and to provide the basis for promoting breastfeeding, cohort studies are warranted with larger samples sizes and clear definitions of breastfeeding.

Adverse birth outcomes among native-born and foreign-born mothers in Taiwan: A population-based birth cohort study.

Shiao LW, Chiang TL.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2012 Oct 13;12(1):110. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23061518

Like other developed countries in Asia, Taiwan is a destination of immigration. Female immigrants, mainly from China and Southeast Asia, come to Taiwan as spouse of Taiwanese men. With the drop of fertility rate to 0.9 births per woman, children of immigrant women have contributed significantly to the growing share of total newborn (10%). Despite a lack of evidence, children born to foreign-born mothers are portrayed negatively as having inferior health and therefore require extra expenditure of social resources. This study provides an opposite view showing that foreign-born women do not experience worse birth outcomes regardless of the disadvantaged socioeconomic position of their families.

The quality of life and mental health status of arsenic-affected patients in a Bangladeshi population.

Syed EH, Poudel KC, Sakisaka K, Yasuoka J, Ahsan H, Jimba M.
J Health Popul Nutr. 2012 Sep;30(3):262-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23082628

Exposure to arsenic is a major public health concern worldwide, affecting 150 million people in more than 70 countries including Bangladesh. In this study, we evaluated the quality of life (QOL) and mental health status of arsenic-affected people in Araihazar, Bangladesh, where arsenic concentration levels ranging from <10µg/L to 864µg/L. Arsenic-affected patients showed lower QOL and mental health status compare with non-patients. As a result, the importance of appropriate interventions requires improving the well-being of arsenic-affected patients.

古林安希子. フィールドに出よう!9 「フィールドを楽しむための3つのポイント」.

公衆衛生. 2012;76(9).

多くの読者の皆さんと違い,私は医療従事者としての資格を何も持っていない.修士課程を卒業した今は民間企業に勤務している.一修士学生としてカンボジアでの「フィールドワーク」から得られた体験談をこれから述べたい.私の学んだ国際地域保健学教室では,その2年間の課程の間に,単位取得のための講義の受講と同時に,半数ほどの修士学生が修士研究のため途上国に行き,研究テーマに沿った一次データを集める.時間と費用の関係から,ほとんどの場合,現地に滞在できるのは数週間といった短期間である.(続きは雑誌で)

大塚恵子, 齋藤順子, 神馬征峰. 「海外における健康政策の成功と失敗からの学び」.

小児内科. 2012;44(8):1274-1277.

ヘルスプロモーションを世界に広げる契機となったオタワ憲章が採択されてからすでに25年の月日が流れた.それ以前は,プライマリヘルスケア実践のために健康教育の重要性が主張されていた。ところが,健康教育によって個人の健康知識やスキルが向上しても,目的とする行動変容はなかなか起こりにくいことがある.個に対する臨床的なアプローチに限界があるなかで,個をとりまく社会環境や法の改善が行動変容に有効である,という気づきが、ヘルスプロモーションをヘルスプロモーションたらしてめてきた.(続きは雑誌を)

長谷川文. フィールドに出よう!8 「海外を自分のフィールドにするということ-ハイチの震災復興支援-歌って踊るヘルスプロモーション」. 公衆衛生. 2012;76(8).

カリブ海の島・ハイチ "来月からハイチに1年行ってくれる?" 上司から言われた時,私はハイチがどこにあるのか知らなかった.地図でやっと見つけた小さな島は,遠い世界であった.中米カリブ海の島.リゾートを思い浮かべる方も多いだろう.しかし,ハイチはそんなきらびやかな世界ではない.そんな世界からはほど遠い,現実と向き合っている国であった.(続きは雑誌を)

Perceived Family Support and Depression among People Living with HIV/AIDS in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal.

Shrestha S, Poudel KC, Poudel-Tandukar K, Kobayashi J, Pandey BD, Yasuoka J, Otsuka K, Jimba M.
J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic). 2012 Sep 19. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22993234

Depression is a mental condition that is challenging HIV treatment among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). The perception of support from family was advantageous against mental condition of chronic disease patients. We assumed that it also has beneficial effect against depression among PLWHA. Thus, we conducted this research in an Asian country, Nepal, where mental health of PLWHA is always ignored. As expected, the perception of family support has protective effect against depression among PLWHA. This finding can contribute in reducing depression among PLWHA and has opened gateways for further research on different aspects of family support.

Ready to Use Therapeutic Foods (RUTF) improves undernutrition among ART treated, HIV-positive children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Sunguya BF, Poudel KC, Mlunde LB, Otsuka K, Yasuoka J, Urassa DP, Mkopi NP, and Jimba M.
Nutr J 2012, 11:60. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22931107

This is the first study that examined the association between Ready-to-Use- Therapeutic-Foods (RUTF) and undernutrition among HIV-positive children under antiretroviral therapy (ART). We conducted this study against the background of unprecedented magnitude of undernutrition among HIV-positive children even when treated with ART. In this study, RUTF was associated with better underweight and wasting statuses. Moreover, children treated with RUTF for more than just four months were less likely to suffer from chronic form of undernutrition, stunting. Results of this study are important to advocate for scaling up the use of RUTF, which was also endorsed by the World Health Organization.

Promoting community kowledge and action for malaria control in rural Cambodia: potential contributions of Village Malaria Workers.

Lim S, Yasuoka J, Poudel KC, Ly P, Nguon C, Jimba M.
BMC Res Notes. 2012 Aug 3;5(1):405. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22863397

Cambodia has been investing in Village Malaria Workers (VMWs) to improve malaria case management in remote forested areas. However, few studies have assessed the quality of VMWs' services compared to those by a government-run health center from the perspective of community members. This is a pioneering study to compare malaria knowledge and actions between a village with VMWs and a village with a health center. VMWs successfully played an equivalent role as the health center in promoting malaria control. The current government policy on VMWs is reasonable and should be expanded to other villages, where malaria still remains a public health challenge.

菊池君代. フィールドに出よう!7 「フィールドワークの長い道のり-人々の顔の見える研究のために」.

公衆衛生. 2012;76(7).

途上国で研究をするためにフィールドワークを計画している人の中には,所属教室の研究者の調査先でデータ収集をさせてもらう人や,あるいは,既存のプロジェクトが活動を行っている場所を研究フィールドにする人もいるだろう.一方で,特にそのようなフィールドへのリソースがなく,自ら初めてフィールドを探す必要がある人もいる.本稿では,後者のような方々に多少なりとも参考としてもらえるよう,私が大学院の研究過程で経験したルワンダでのフィールド探しと,調査実施までの道のりをご紹介したいと思う.(続きは雑誌を)

母乳育児支援コミュニケーション術.
本郷寛子・新井基子・五十嵐祐子共著. 南山堂. 2012. http://www.nanzando.com/books/50341.php

母乳育児支援にとって不可欠なコミュニケーション・スキルについてわかりやすく解説した実践ガイドです.マンガやイラストを使って、ストーリーを読みながら、母乳育児支援をするために必要な知識とコミュニケーション・スキルが自然に学べます.

Migration of Health Workers in the Pacific Islands: A Bottleneck to Health Development.

Yamamoto TS, Sunguya BF, Shiao LW, Amiya RM, Saw YM, Jimba M.
Asia Pac J Public Health. 2012 Jul;24(4):697-709. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22815302

This is a review article about the current state of human resources for health (HRH) in the Pacific Island Region. We showed that the number of countries facing critical shortages has increased, though the average density of health workers is increasing there. Migration is a critical aspect of the HRH shortage, with New Zealand and Australia as the most important destinations for health workers in this region. Although a code of practice for recruitment exists, it has not been successful to stem the brain drain. Commitments from both source and destination countries could make migration a win-win situation.

High risk of ART non-adherence and delay of ART initiation among HIV positive double orphans in Kigali, Rwanda.

Kikuchi K, Poudel KC, Muganda J, Majyambere A, Otsuka K, Sato T, Mutabazi V, Nyonsenga SP, Muhayimpundu R, Jimba M, Yasuoka J.
PLoS One. 2012;7(7):e41998. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22860043

This study is one of the first to report pediatric ART adherence in Rwanda and one of the few studies which found an association of ART adherence with four types of different orphan status (double orphan, paternal orphan, maternal orphan, and non-orphan). Findings demonstrated (1) the high risk of non-adherence to ART, (2) the delay in HIV detection and ART initiation among HIV positive double orphans. This article highlighted the urgent need for particular interventions for HIV positive double orphans.

Maternal exposure to intimate partner violence and the risk of undernutrition among under-five children in Bangladesh.

Rahman M. Poudel KC, Yasuoka J, Otsuka K, Yoshikawa K, Jimba.
Am J Public Health. 2012 Jul;102(7):1336-45.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22676499

Data from India provide an association between maternal physical intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization, assessed through one single global question with stunting among children aged 12-35 months. Using nationally representative data from Bangladesh, our findings revealed an association between maternal exposure to physical or sexual IPV and child underweight and stunting. Our findings reinforce the evidence that improving child nutrition is an additional reason to strengthen efforts to protect women from physical and sexual IPV.

大川純代. フィールドに出よう!6 「その先で待っているのは,成長した自分と元気な子どもたち-ザンビアHIV母子感染予防に関するフィールド調査」.

公衆衛生. 2012;76(6).

フィールドでのある日の午後2012年2月23日,ザンビア4度目の渡航から1週間目の午後.夏のザンビアに戻ってたちまち体調を崩した.蒸し暑い部屋で体のだるさ,喉の痛み,絶え間ない咳にじっと耐える.どうしても元気が出ない.facebookにぼやこうにも,インターネットは延々とつながらない.パソコンを開けるが,画面を眺めるばかりで少しも仕事が進まない.すると,突然夕立が来た.屋根を叩きつける大粒の雨,冷やっとした風,湿った土のにおいが五感を刺激した.目が覚めたかのように,「ここはザンビアだった.幼い子どもたちが元気に生きていけるように研究しているんだ」と実感した.(続きは雑誌で)

Sibling care, school performance, and depression among adolescent caretakers in Cambodia.

Yi S, Poudel KC, Yasuoka J, Palmer PH, Yi S, Yanagisawa S, Jimba M.
Asian J Psychiatr. 2012 Jun;5(2):132-6.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22813655

In developing countries, number of trained health workforce is not sufficient and access to healthcare is difficult. In such situation, home-based care for young children is crucial. Previous research has found that sibling caretaking can have positive impacts on the development and well-being of the caretakers. However, sibling caretakers can be deprived of educational rights by being forced to stay at home for helping housekeeping works and taking care of their younger siblings. Sibling caretaking might, therefore, have negative impacts on school performance, which in turn affects mental health conditions of the school-age caretakers. This study is the first study to examine the negative impacts of sibling care responsibility on school performance and mental health conditions of adolescent caretakers in Cambodia.

A lifetime experience of violence and adverse reproductive outcomes: findings from population surveys in India.

Yoshikawa K, Agrawal NR, Poudel KC, Jimba M.
Biosci Trends. 2012 Jun;6(3):115-21. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22890159

Have you ever thought that violence may be related to miscarriages, abortions, or stillbirths? This study attempted to investigate the relationship between violence from partner and non-live birth outcomes using secondary data of a national sample of Indian women. And we found that women who experienced violence were more likely to experience non-live births in their lifetime. Though the evidence does not provide chronological relationship, you would learn violence is not only harmful for physical and mental health of women but also for reproductive health. This study suggests the importance of prompt actions to reduce violence towards women in India.

高橋朋子. フィールドに出よう!5 「フィールドは世界と自分に向き合う場」.

公衆衛生. 2012;76(5).

もともと,国際協力に興味があった訳ではない.途上国のために汗水流して働く人は,立派だけれど所詮自分には関係ない話.約10年前の当時,日本の企業で産業保健師として働いていた私にとっては,遠い国の知らない誰かを助けるよりも,目の前の生活習慣病やメンタルヘルス対策のほうがよっぽど大きな関心事だった.その後恩師に誘われて,看護学部(地域看護学)の助手として2年間働いた.「地域保健」って奥が深くて面白いけれども,自分には現場経験が不足していると感じていた.その後,私は「国際保健」の道を歩むようになる.(続きは雑誌で)

Content Analysis of Primary and Secondary School Textbooks Regarding Malaria Control: a Multi-Country Study.

Nonaka D, Jimba M, Mizoue T, Kobayashi J, Yasuoka J, Ayi I, Jayatilleke AC, Shrestha S, Kikuchi K, Haque SE, Yi S.
PLoS ONE. 2012;7(5):e36629. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22574203

This is a unique, multi-country study that investigated the contents of textbooks used by primary and secondary school children in 9 tropical countries endemic for malaria. The textbooks examined in this study rarely addressed life skills information such as the use of insecticide-treated nets, the need for prompt treatment from a health worker, protection of children and pregnant women and recommended therapy. Improving school textbook content in accordance with a national malaria control strategy could be a key challenge in malaria endemic countries. The authors are continuously investigating textbooks, focusing on soil-transmitted helminthiasis, HIV/AIDS and tobacco use for better health education at school.

齋藤順子. フィールドに出よう!4 「公衆衛生活動の糧はフィールドワーク!-中国・青年海外協力隊で新しい自分と出会う」.

公衆衛生. 2012;76(4).

私は現在,国際保健を学ぶ博士課程の学生である.修士課程からの3年間,タイとラオスでフィールド調査を行い,卒業後は日本や途上国の公衆衛生に関わる研究者となる夢を持っている.現在の研究および卒業後においても関わり続けるフィールド調査であるが,私の最初のフィールドワークは2005年にまでさかのぼる.当時,東京都内で病院看護師として働いていた私は,新しい環境で看護に関わりたいという思いを持ちながらも,今後の進路を決めかねていた.そんなある日,私は山手線の電車に乗り,なんとなしに車内広告を見上げた.(続きは雑誌で)

高橋競. フィールドに出よう!3 「フィールドは辛くて,とても面白い-コロンビアJICA長期専門家としての地雷被災者支援」.

公衆衛生. 2012;76(3).

なぜフィールドへ行ったのか?理学療法士として日本国内で働いていた私が「フィールド」という言葉を意識するようになったのは,国内外の障害者に優しい社会づくりに貢献したいと国際保健の道を志してからだ.メキシコの田舎で地域に根ざしたリハビリテーションを成功させたデビッド・ワーナー氏に憧れていたこともあり,途上国という「フィールド」で,障害者を取り巻く環境のダイナミックな変化を肌で感じることができるのではないかと思っていたのである.(続きは雑誌で)

野中大輔. フィールドに出よう!2 「沈黙は罪なり-ガーナでの寄生虫対策」.

公衆衛生. 2012;76(2).

沈黙は罪?「あなたはこの会議に何も貢献していない!」と,ガーナ人のプロジェクトリーダーから叱責されたのは,私がガーナに着いてから約1週間が過ぎた日のことであった.その日は,毎月1回開かれるプロジェクトの定例会議に出席していた.プロジェクトメンバーが集まり,活動の進捗や計画を発表する会議である.なぜ叱責されたのか.会議中,私は全く発言しなかったからである.英語で議論されている内容が理解できなかった訳ではない.他の出席者が私と同じ意見を述べていたし,話し合われていた議題は自分が関わっていない活動に関することであったから,私は沈黙していたのである.(続きは雑誌で)

神馬征峰. フィールドに出よう!1 「フィールドワークは宝さがし」.

公衆衛生. 2012;76(1).

フィールドに出よう!と言ったはいいものの、「フィールドって何?」っと、ここで躓くとなかなか先には進めない。単に「現地」とか「現場」といってもよいのかもしれない。ところが、例えば、日本文化人類学会の発行している「フィールドワーカーズ・ハンドブック」(1)をその調子で訳すと「現場労働者の手引書」となってしまう。人類学に限らず、多くの研究者や実践家は、たぶん、この「現場労働者」という響きを嫌う。差別、かもしれない。が、国際保健の分野でも、研究室の外にでて海外で活動をする際は、フィールドという言葉の響きの方・・・・・(続きは雑誌をご覧ください)

母親が「できる!」と思える母乳育児支援:母親が支えられ,自分もできると思う支援.

本郷寛子. 助産雑誌. 2012;66(1):34-40.

母親が困難を乗り越えて母乳育児を継続することと自己効力感には,関係があることがわかっています.ここでは,母親の自己効力感を高めるコミュニケーション・スキルと,母親が自分でできるようになる支援について学びます.

Scale-up of community-based malaria control can be achieved without degrading community health workers' service quality: the Village Malaria Worker project in Cambodia.

Yasuoka J, Poudel KC, Ly P, Nguon C, Socheat D, Jimba M.
Malar J. 2012 Jan 4; 11:4. LinkIconhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22217322

A girl was born deaf in rural Cambodia. Despite her disability, she always wanted to help people who suffered from infectious diseases in her village, where there were no health facilities. Now, she works as a Village Malaria Worker (VMW) and is helping villagers prevent and control malaria. -- The Cambodian government is promoting malaria control in rural villages by training residents to become VMWs. This article evaluates if and how the project has been expanded effectively nationwide.

PAGETOP

2011

High rate of unintended pregnancies after knowing of HIV infection among HIV positive women under antiretroviral treatment in Kigali, Rwanda.

Kikuchi K, Wakasugi N, Poudel KC, Sakisaka K, Jimba M.
Biosci Trends. 2011 Dec; 5(6): 255-63. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22281539

Undernutrition among HIV-positive children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: antiretroviral therapy alone is not enough.

Sunguya BF, Poudel KC, Otsuka K, Yasuoka J, Mlunde LB, Urassa DP, Mkopi NP, Jimba M.
BMC Public Health. 2011 Nov 16; 11: 869. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22087543

Quality of antenatal care services in the Birim North District of Ghana: contribution of the community-based health planning and services program.

Naariyong S, Poudel KC, Rahman M, Yasuoka J, Otsuka K, Jimba M.
Matern Child Health J. 2011 Sep 14. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21915678

Physicians are a key to encouraging cessation of smoking among people living with HIV/AIDS: a cross-sectional study in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal.

Amiya RM, Poudel KC, Poudel-Tandukar K, Kobayashi J, Pandey BD, Jimba M. BMC Public Health. 2011 Aug 31; 11: 677. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21878132

Knowing the consequences of unprotected sex with seroconcordant partner is associated with increased safer sex intentions among HIV-positive men in Kathmandu, Nepal.

Poudel KC, Poudel-Tandukar K, Nakahara S, Yasuoka J, Jimba M. J Health Popul Nutr. 2011 Jun; 29(3): 191-9.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21766554

Non-communicable diseases in southeast Asia.

Poudel KC, Fujita M, Green K, Poudel-Tandukar K, Jimba M. Lancet. 2011 Jun 11; 377(9782): 2004-5.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21665034

Content analysis of school textbooks on health topics: a systematic review.

Nomoto M, Nonaka D, Mizoue T, Kobayashi J, Jimba M. Biosci Trends. 2011; 5(2): 61-8.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21572249

Perceived social support and the psychological well-being of AIDS orphans in urban Kenya.

Okawa S, Yasuoka J, Ishikawa N, Poudel KC, Ragi A, Jimba M. AIDS Care. 2011 Sep; 23(9):1177-85.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21500024

Social capital and life satisfaction: a cross-sectional study on persons with musculoskeletal impairments in Hanoi, Vietnam.

Takahashi K, Nguyen TM, Poudel KC, Sakisaka K, Jimba M, Yasuoka J.BMC Public Health. 2011 Apr 1; 11: 206.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21457544

Human Security Approaches for Disaster Recovery and Resilience.

Jimba M, Hubbard S, Sase E, Suzuki T, Otsuka K. Japan Medical Association Journal. 2011; 54(5): 338-41.
http://www.med.or.jp/english/journal/pdf/2011_05/338_341.pdf

PAGETOP

2010

Is staying overnight in a farming hut a risk factor for malaria infection in a setting with insecticide-treated bed nets in rural Laos?

Nonaka D, Laimanivong S, Kobayashi J, Chindavonsa K, Kano S, Vanisaveth V, Yasuoka J, Phompida S, Jimba M. Malar J. 2010 Dec 23; 9: 372.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21176242

Reliability and validity of a Nepalese version of the Kiddo-KINDL in adolescents.

Yamaguchi N, Poudel KC, Poudel-Tandukar K, Shakya D, Ravens-Sieberer U, Jimba M. Biosci Trends. 2010 Aug; 4(4): 178-85.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20811137

Role of risk and protective factors in risky sexual behavior among high school students in Cambodia.

Yi S, Poudel KC, Yasuoka J, Palmer PH, Yi S, Jimba M. BMC Public Health. 2010 Aug 12; 10(1): 477.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20701808

Intimate partner violence in Sri Lanka.

Jayatilleke AC, Poudel KC, Yasuoka J, Jayatilleke AU, Jimba M. Biosci Trends. 2010 Jun; 4(3): 90-5.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20592458

Sibling caregiving among children orphaned by AIDS: synthesis of recent studies for policy implications.

Yanagisawa S, Poudel KC, Jimba M. Health Policy. 2010 Jun 28; 98(2-3): 121-30.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20591529

Intimate partner violence among general and urban poor populations in Kathmandu, Nepal.

Oshiro A, Poudyal AK, Poudel KC, Jimba M, Hokama T. J Interpers Violence. 2011 Jul; 26(10): 2073-92.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20587461

Traffic rule violations of private bus drivers and bus crashes in Sri Lanka: a case-control study.

Jayatilleke AU, Poudel KC, Nakahara S, Dharmaratne SD, Jayatilleke AC, Jimba M. Traffic Inj Prev. 2010 Jun; 11(3): 263-9.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20544570

Changing poor mothers' care-seeking behaviors in response to childhood illness: findings from a cross-sectional study in Granada, Nicaragua.

Sakisaka K, Jimba M, Hanada K. BMC Int Health Hum Rights. 2010 Jun 1; 10:10.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20515485

Wives' attitudes toward gender roles and their experience of intimate partner violence by husbands in Central Province, Sri Lanka.

Jayatilleke A, Poudel KC, Sakisaka K, Yasuoka J, Jayatilleke AU, Jimba M.J Interpers Violence. 2011 Feb; 26(3): 414-32.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20448234

Correlates of sharing injection equipment among male injecting drug users in Kathmandu, Nepal.

Poudel KC, Poudel-Tandukar K, Yasuoka J, Joshi AB, Jimba M. Int J Drug Policy. 2010 Nov; 21(6): 507-10.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20413289

Assessing the quality of service of village malaria workers to strengthen community-based malaria control in Cambodia.

Yasuoka J, Poudel KC, Poudel-Tandukar K, Nguon C, Ly P, Socheat D, Jimba M. Malar J. 2010 Apr 23; 9: 109.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20412600

School-based participatory health education for malaria control in Ghana: engaging children as health messengers.

Ayi I, Nonaka D, Adjovu JK, Hanafusa S, Jimba M, Bosompem KM, Mizoue T, Takeuchi T, Boakye DA, Kobayashi J. Malar J. 2010 Apr 18; 9: 98.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20398416

Rapid increase in Japanese life expectancy after World War II.

Sugiura Y, Ju YS, Yasuoka J, Jimba M. Biosci Trends. 2010 Feb; 4(1): 9-16.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20305339

PAGETOP

2009

Unsafe Sexual Behaviors among HIV-positive Men in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal.

Poudel KC, Nakahara S, Poudel-Tandukar K, Yasuoka J, Jimba M. AIDS Behav. 2009; 13: 1143-50
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18770024

Screening for intimate partner violence.

Jayatilleke A, Poudel KC, Jimba M. JAMA. 2009; 302: 2434.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19996396

Influencing factors for seeking HIV voluntary counseling and testing among tuberculosis patients in Cambodia.

Yi S, Poudel KC, Yasuoka J, Ichikawa M, Tan V, Jimba M. AIDS Care. 2009; 21: 529-34.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19401868

Health promoting schools in urban, semi-urban and rural Lao PDR.

Yoshimura N, Jimba M, Poudel KC, Chanthavisouk C, Iwamoto A, Phommasack B, Saklokham K. Health Promot Int. 2009; 24:166-76.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19244283

Survey of food hygiene practices at home and childhood diarrhoea in Hanoi, Vietnam.

Takanashi K, Chonan Y, Quyen DT, Khan NC, Poudel KC, Jimba M. J Health Popul Nutr. 2009; 27:602-11.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19902795

Working conditions of bus drivers in the private sector and bus crashes in Kandy district, Sri Lanka: A case-control study.

Jayatilleke AU, Nakahara S, Dharmaratne SD, Silva AC, Poudel KC, Jimba M. Inj Prev. 2009; 15: 80-6.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19346419

Public and private sector treatment of malaria in Lao PDR.

Nonaka D, Vongseththa K, Kobayashi J, Bounyadeth S, Kano S, Phompida S, Jimba M. Acta Trop. 2009; 112: 283-7.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19683502

The relationship between trust in mass media and the healthcare system and individual health: evidence from the Asia Barometer Survey.

Tokuda Y, Fujii S, Jimba M, Inoguchi T. BMC Med. 2009; 7:4.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19161600

Interpersonal trust and quality-of-life: a cross-sectional study in Japan.

Tokuda Y, Jimba M, Yanai H, Fujii S, Inoguchi T. PLoS One. 2008; 3: e3985.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19096704

Hidden criteria for out-of-home day-care centre admission in Pokhara, Nepal: a longitudinal observational study.

Nakahara S, Poudel KC, Lopchan M, Ichikawa M, Poudel OR, Poudel-Tandukar K, Yoshida K.
Early Child Dev Care. 2009; Doi: 10.1080/03004430802525021

Can National Medical Association Journals Make Greater Contributions to Global Health? An international survey and comparison.

Hamamoto M, JImba M, Halstead DD, Wyshak G, Reich MR. Japan Medical Association Journal. 2009;.52(4): 243-58.
http://www.med.or.jp/english/journal/pdf/2009_04/243_258.pdf

「第5章 グローバル化する世界と公衆衛生」 『公衆衛生-健康支援と社会保障制度[2]』(第12版)

神馬征峰、奥野ひろみ、芦野由利子. 医学書院.

2008

Primary health care must go beyond WHO.

Jimba M, Yasuoka J, Sakisaka K, Poudel KC. Lancet. 2008; 372: 887.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18790301

Working group on challenges in global health and Japan's contribution. Human security approach for global health.

Takemi K, Jimba M, Ishii S, Katsuma Y, Nakamura Y, Lancet. 2008; 372: 13-4.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18603145

Domestic violence against women in Nepal.

Poudel-Tandukar K, Poudel KC, Yasuoka J, Eto T, Jimba M. Lancet. 2008; 371:1664.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18486738

International nutrition training for local action.

Sakisaka K, Jimba M. Lancet. 2008; 371: 1752.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18502298

The relationship between breastfeeding self-efficacy and perceived insufficient milk among Japanese mothers.

Otsuka K, Dennis CL, Tatsuoka H, Jimba M. .J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2008; 37: 546-55.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18811774

School and community health project: Part 1: a community development and health project in Nepal.

Jimba M, Poudel-Tandukar K, Poudel KC. JMAJ. 2008; 51: 225-34.

Malaria education from school to community in Oudomxay province, Lao PDR.

Nonaka D, Kobayashi J, Jimba M, Vilaysouk B, Tsukamoto K, Kano S, Phommasack B, Singhasivanon P, Waikagul J, Tateno S, Takeuchi T. Parasitol Int. 2008; 57: 76-82.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17980652

Prenatal iron supplementation in rural Vietnam.

Aikawa R, Jimba M, Nguen KC, Binns CW. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2008; 62: 946-52.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17522600

School and Community Health Project: Part 1: A community development and health project in Nepal.

Masamine J, Poudel-Tandukar K, Poudel KC.Japan Medical Association Journal. Vol.51, No.4, 2008, pp.225-34.
http://www.med.or.jp/english/journal/pdf/2008_04/225_234.pdf

PAGETOP

2007

Beyond deworming: the promotion of school-health-based interventions by Japan.

Kobayashi J, Jimba M, Okabayashi H, Singhasivanon P, Waikagul J. Trends Parasitol. 2007; 23: 25-9.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17134943

Reaching hard-to-reach migrants by letters: an HIV/AIDS awareness programme in Nepal.

Poudel KC, Jimba M, Poudel-Tandukar K, Wakai S. Health Place. 2007; 13: 173-8.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16427348

AIDS health beliefs and intention for sexual abstinence among male adolescent students in Kathmandu, Nepal: a test of perceived severity and susceptibility.

Iriyama S, Nakahara S, Jimba M, Ichikawa M, Wakai S. Public Health. 2007; 121: 64-72.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17166535

The influence of economic factors on the location of birth among Palestinian women in Bethlehem during the second Palestinian uprising.

Fujiya R, Jimba M, Giacaman R, Nakahara S, Ichikawa M, Wakai S. Trop Doct. 2007; 37: 13-7.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17326879

Compensation for avian influenza cleanup.

Kanamori S, Jimba M. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007; 13: 341-2.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17479909

Hard-to-reach populations in Japan.

Nomura Y, Poudel KC, Jimba M. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2007; 38: 325-7.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17539282

A challenge for monitoring iodine deficiency disorders in rural Nepal.

Jimba M, Aitken IW, Joshi AB, Ohashi T, Poudyal AK, Wakai S. Trop Doct. 2007; 37: 106-7.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17540096

Conflict induced internal displacement in Nepal.

Singh S, Sharma SP, Mills E, Poudel KC, Jimba M. Med Confl Surviv. 2007; 23: 103-10.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17542185

HIV superinfection: another reason to avoid serosorting practice.

Poudel KC, Poudel-Tandukar K, Yasuoka J, Jimba M. Lancet. 2007; 370: 23.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17617257

Risk perception, road behavior and pedestrian injury among adolescent students in Kathmandu, Nepal.

Poudel-Tandukar K, Nakahara S, Ichikawa M, Poudel KC, Jimba M. Inj Prev. 2007; 13: 258-63.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17686937

Perceptions towards preventive behaviours against HIV transmission among people living with HIV/AIDS in Kathmandu, Nepal.

Poudel KC, Nakahara S, Poudel-Tandukar K, Jimba M. Public Health. 2007; 121: 958-61.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17606279

PAGETOP

2006

Targeting newly enrolled low-age school children for the control of the intestinal helminth infection in rural Nepal.

Poudyal AK, Jimba M, Silwal RC, Murakami I, Sherchand JB, Wakai S. Trop Doct. 2006; 36: 16-9.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16483421

Keys to success for a school-based malaria control program in primary schools in Thailand.

Okabayashi H, Thongthien P, Singhasvanon P, Waikagul J, Looareesuwan S, Jimba M, Kano S, Kojima S, Takeuchi T, Kobayashi J, Tateno S. Parasitol Int. 2006; 55: 121-6.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16406685

Availability of childcare support and nutritional status of children of non-working and working mothers in urban Nepal.

Nakahara S, Poudel KC, Lopchan M, Ichikawa M, Poudel-Tandukar K, Jimba M, Wakai S. Am J Hum Biol. 2006; 18: 169-81.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16493631

Nutritional status and associated factors in children aged 0-23 months in Granada, Nicaragua.

Sakisaka K, Wakai S, Kuroiwa C, Cuadra Flores L, Kai I, Mercedes Aragon M, Hanada K. Public Health. 2006; 120: 400-11.

Cross-cultural use of the predetermined scale cutoff points in refugee mental health research.

Ichikawa M, Nakahara S, Wakai S. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2006; 41: 248-50.

Use of rapid diagnostic tests for malaria in an emergency situation after the flood disaster in Mozambique.

Hashizume M, Kondo H, Murakami T, Kodama M, Nakahara S, Lucas ME, Wakai S. Public Health. 2006; 120: 444-7.

Effect of post-migration detention on mental health among Afghan asylum seekers in Japan.

Ichikawa M, Nakahara S, Wakai S. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2006; 40: 341-6.

New professionalism in the 21st century.

Jimba M. Lancet. 2006; 367: 648-9.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16503458

Oral health status of vulnerable groups in a village of the Central Highlands, southern Vietnam.

Uetani M, Jimba M, Kaku T, Ota K, Wakai S. Int J Dent Hyg. 2006; 4: 72-6.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16637908

Aid for Africa: listen to women leaders.

Jimba M, Sakisaka K, Hanada K. Lancet. 2006; 367: 1729.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16731266

Why do adult women in Vietnam take iron tablets?

Aikawa R, Jimba M, Nguen KC, Zhao Y, Binns CW, Lee MK. BMC Public Health. 2006; 6: 144.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16753068

Relationship between mechanisms and activities at the time of pedestrian injury and activity limitation among school adolescents in Kathmandu, Nepal.

Poudel-Tandukar K, Nakahara S, Ichikawa M, Poudel KC, Wakai S. Accid Anal Prev. 2006; 38: 1058-63.

Unintentional injuries among school adolescents in Kathmandu, Nepal: a descriptive study.

Poudel-Tandukar K, Nakahara S, Ichikawa M, Poudel KC, Joshi AB, Wakai S. Public Health. 2006; 120: 641-9.

Improving immunization services under the armed conflict in rural Nepal.

Silwal RC, Jimba M, Poudyal AK, Poudel KC, Wakai S.Public Health. 2006; 120: 805-8.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16879846

Emerging co-infection of HIV and hepatitis B virus in far western Nepal.

Poudel KC, Jimba M, Okumura J, Wakai S. Trop Doct. 2006; 36: 186-7.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16884638

AIDS and human rights research.

Poudel KC, Jimba M, Wakai S. Trop Doct. 2006; 36: 191-2.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16884643

Effects of a long-term volunteer surgical program in a developing country: the case in Vietnam from 1993 to 2003.

Uetani M, Jimba M, Niimi T, Natsume N, Katsuki T, Xuan le TT, Wakai S. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2006; 43: 616-9.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16986994

Magazine information on safety belt use for pregnant women and young children.

Nakahara S, Ichikawa M, Wakai S. Accid Anal Prev. 2007; 39: 356-63.

Assessment of IDD problem by estimation of urinary iodine among school children.

Joshi AB, Banjara MR, Bhatta LR, Rikimaru T, Jimba M. Nepal Med Coll J. 2006; 8: 111-4.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17017401

HIV/AIDS vulnerability of Nepali migrants to India: whose concern?

Poudel KC, Poudel-Tandukar K, Jimba M. Lancet. 2006; 368: 1648.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17098079

Intimate-partner violence.

Jayatilleke A, Poudel KC, Jimba M. Lancet. 2006; 368: 1765.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17113414

Increase of 'Health and Human Rights' Research Articles in Japan.

Jimba M, Nomura Y, Poudel KC, Fujiya R, Wakai S.Japan Medical Association Journal. 2005; 48(11): 545-9.
http://www.med.or.jp/english/journal/pdf/2005_11/545_549.pdf

School Health Research in Low-Income Countries in East Asia and the Pacific.

Jimba M, Poudel KC, Poudel-Tandukar K, Wakai S. Japan Medical Association Journal. 2005; 48(4): 168-74.
http://www.med.or.jp/english/journal/pdf/2005_04/168_174.pdf

PAGETOP

日本語文献